Occurrence record: LTB 000003938

Preserved specimen of Anthoxanthum odoratum | sweet vernal recorded on 2013-09-18

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Institution La Trobe University
Supplied institution code "LTB"
Collection La Trobe University Herbarium
Catalogue number LTB 000003938
Occurrence ID 428daeef-a5d7-4a24-bc1f-2e6e7dce3607
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Identified by Cameron, D.G.
Identified date 2013-11
Collector Benwell, J.S.
Collecting number 16
Reproductive condition flowers
License CC BY
Previous identifications Anthoxanthum odoratum L., det. J.S. Benwell.
Occurrence status present
Collection Code LTB
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Date identified 2013-11
Identification id 280cb846-4e8a-4e77-85ef-7eaafa94c2dc

Event

Collecting date 2013-09-18

Taxonomy

Scientific name Anthoxanthum odoratum
Supplied scientific name "Anthoxanthum odoratum L."
Taxon rank species
Common name sweet vernal
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Anthoxanthum
Species Anthoxanthum odoratum
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship L.

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or territory Victoria
Local government area Darebin (C)
Locality Gresswell Forest Wildlife Reserve.
Habitat In open forest dominated by Eucalyptus sp.
Latitude -37.7166666667
Longitude 145.0666666667
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "WGS84"
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Coordinate precision 0.01667
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Georeference protocol Topographic map
Georeferenced by La Trobe University Herbarium (LTB)
Verbatim srs EPSG:4326
Biome Terrestrial
Country code Au
Verbatim longitude 145° 4' E
Verbatim latitude 37° 43' S

Additional properties

abcd concept1433 Grass 30 cm tall. Carpels 2.

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

Data quality tests

Test name Result
Coordinate precision not valid Failed
Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
Basis of record not supplied Passed
Basis of record badly formed Passed
First of the month Passed
Invalid collection date Passed
Incomplete collection date Passed
Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
Missing identification date Passed
Collector name unparseable Passed
Missing catalogue number Passed
Data are generalised Passed
Collection code not recognised Passed
Institution code not recognised Passed
Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
Name not supplied Passed
Name not in national checklists Passed
Name not recognised Passed
Invalid scientific name Passed
Missing taxonomic rank Passed
Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
Coordinates are transposed Passed
Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
Zero latitude Passed
Zero longitude Passed
Supplied country not recognised Passed
Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
Missing coordinate precision Passed
Precision / range mismatch Passed
Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
Habitat incorrect for species Passed
Location not supplied Passed
Country inferred from coordinates Passed
Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
Coordinates centre of country Passed
Missing geodetic datum Passed
Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
Missing georeferenced protocol Passed
Show/Hide 5 missing properties
Show/Hide 39 tests that have not been run

Additional political boundaries information

Area Management
Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
Global 200 priority ecoregions - Marine Southern Australian Marine
Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
Land use Rural residential
NRM Regions Port Phillip and Western Port
NRM Regions 2014 Port Phillip and Western Port
NRM Regions 2015 Port Phillip and Western Port
Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
Biodiversity
Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Bass Strait Drainages
IBRA 6 Regions South East Coastal Plain
IBRA 6 Sub Regions Gippsland Plain
IBRA 7 Regions South East Coastal Plain
IBRA 7 Subregions Gippsland Plain
Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Urban
Climate
Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (warm summer)
Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
Fire
Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
Hydrology
Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (Victoria)
Drainage Divisions Level 2 YARRA RIVER
River Regions YARRA RIVER
Marine
Marine Ecoregions of the World Bassian
States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
Political
ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
Australian States and Territories Victoria
Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Batman
LGA Boundaries (deprecated) Darebin - Preston
Local Government Areas Darebin (C)
PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) BATMAN
PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NORTHERN METROPOLITAN
Statistical Local Areas Darebin (C) - Preston
World Country Boundaries Australia
Substrate
Geological Regions of Australia Lachlan Region
Surface Geology of Australia Ssdm
Topography
Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
Physiographic Regions 2011 East Victorian Uplands
Vegetation
Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
Land cover Built-up
NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
Vegetation - condition Replaced
Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

Environmental sampling for this location

Area Management
Natural resource management expenditure 3839264.0 $
Natural resource management expenditure - additional 1.0 $/ha
Biodiversity
Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.3005
Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.0691
Endemism 0.035331022
Endemism (Non-marine) 0.03760447
Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.5124
Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
Occurrence Density 595.2099 frequency
Shannon Diversity (H) 2.7397912 index
Species Richness 10.037037 frequency
Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
Threatened species (2008) 11.0 frequency
Climate
2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.6556426
2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.3697879
2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.24623021
2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 105.51667 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 186.1 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 41.97 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.09 index
2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.36 index
2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.07 index
2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 72.248405 %
2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 84.03174 %
2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 61.378674 %
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 54.073334 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 40.17 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1437293
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.5068495 mm/day
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.3898818 mm/day
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.98295593
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.14282107
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season -0.01722813
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 63.8 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -51.443333 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -134.29001 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 15.52 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 24.62 MJ/m2/day
2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 15.453333 MJ/m2/day
2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 6.11 MJ/m2/day
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 21.06 degrees C
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.953333 degrees C
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 22.279999 degrees C
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 5.7 degrees C
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 14.22 degrees C
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 2.730011 degrees C/day
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 1.8900146 degrees C/day
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 13.459991 degrees C
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 11.106669 degrees C
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -3.7099915 degrees C/day
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -2.6100159 degrees C/day
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 8.390015 degrees C
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 27.98 degrees C
2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 14.52 degrees C
Aridity index - annual mean 0.8051364
Aridity index - month max 1.660141
Aridity index - month min 0.26807496
Evaporation - annual mean 105.53624 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
Evaporation - average 15990.0 ml
Evaporation - month max 197.7059 mm
Evaporation - month min 32.76118 mm
Evaporation - variability 9.0 %
Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.06 index
Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.33 index
Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
Humidity - annual mean relative 81.10059 %
Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 71.320526 %
Humidity - month max relative 89.59497 %
Humidity - month max relative 3pm 82.824295 %
Humidity - month min relative 60.386074 %
Humidity - month min relative 3pm 60.386074 %
Precipitation - annual 696.0 mm
Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 726.0 mm
Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index -0.0011972191
Precipitation - annual mean 61.13871 mm
Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.007093526
Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 0.9929373
Precipitation - autumn 178.0 mm
Precipitation - autumn reliability 43.0 %
Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 181.0 mm
Precipitation - driest month 50.367718 mm
Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 10.0 mm
Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 145.0 mm
Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1565063
Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.5741597 mm/day
Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.3351026 mm/day
Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 15.0 mm
Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.971163
Precipitation - spring 206.0 mm
Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season 0.027777173
Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.15564983
Precipitation - spring reliability 66.0 %
Precipitation - summer 165.0 mm
Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season -0.0056682844
Precipitation - summer or winter season -0.029517997
Precipitation - summer reliability 42.0 %
Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 153.0 mm
Precipitation - wettest month 76.388176 mm
Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 17.0 mm
Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 212.0 mm
Precipitation - winter 169.0 mm
Precipitation - winter reliability 72.0 %
Precipitation deficit - annual mean -44.39753 mm
Precipitation deficit - month max -144.7059 mm
Precipitation deficit - month min 21.626999 mm
Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 15.2 MJ/m2/day
Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 7.7 MJ/m2/day
Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 21.2 MJ/m2/day
Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 24.9 MJ/m2/day
Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 5.8 MJ/m2/day
Radiation - max month precipitation modified 24.5 MJ/m2/day
Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 15.207231 MJ/m2/day
Radiation - min month precipitation modified 6.161182 MJ/m2/day
Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 44.0
Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 22.5 MJ/m2/day
Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 19.8 MJ/m2/day
Temperature - annual max mean 18.966667 degrees C
Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 14.4 degrees C
Temperature - annual min mean 8.413333 degrees C
Temperature - annual range 20.861176 degrees C
Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 22.3 degrees C
Temperature - coldest month min 4.44 degrees C
Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.7 degrees C
Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.6 degrees C
Temperature - coolest month max 12.23 degrees C
Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 10.8 degrees C
Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 19.2 degrees C
Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.48 %
Temperature - max absolute mean max 44.0 degrees C
Temperature - max difference in max 2.850006 degrees C/day
Temperature - max difference in min 1.8500061 degrees C/day
Temperature - max month diurnal range 13.389984 degrees C
Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min 0.37984002 degrees C
Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 10.553334 degrees C
Temperature - min absolute mean min -2.489408 degrees C
Temperature - min difference in max -4.1900024 degrees C/day
Temperature - min difference in min -2.3499756 degrees C/day
Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.7900085 degrees C
Temperature - month hottest maximum 25.8 degrees C
Temperature - month mean absolute max 38.5394 degrees C
Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.33
Temperature - warmest month min 12.85 degrees C
Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 27.0 degrees C
Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 19.4 degrees C
Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 15.0 degrees C
Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.21571566 KPa
Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.3877654 KPa
Vapour pressure deficit - month max 0.7197131 KPa
Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 0.7197131 KPa
Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.0 KPa
Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.17533344 KPa
Wind run - annual mean 258.55936 km/day
Wind run - month max 282.98785 km/day
Wind run - month min 214.86949 km/day
Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 5.4286604 m/s
Wind speed - annual mean 9am 4.0317755 m/s
Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 5.45 m/s
Wind speed - month max 3pm 6.2 m/s
Wind speed - month max 9am 4.7 m/s
Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 6.2 m/s
Wind speed - month min 3pm 4.5 m/s
Wind speed - month min 9am 3.3 m/s
Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 3.3 m/s
WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 720.0 mm
WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 169.0 mm
WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 46.0 mm
WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 146.0 mm
WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 16.0
WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 146.0 mm
WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 74.0 mm
WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 212.0 mm
WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 146.0 degrees C * 10
WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 212.0 degrees C * 10
WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 53.0 degrees C * 10
WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 97.0 degrees C * 10
WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 103.0 degrees C * 10
WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 195.0 degrees C * 10
WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 48.0 %
WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3849.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 265.0 degrees C * 10
WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 195.0 degrees C * 10
WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 161.0 degrees C * 10
Distance
Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.031622775 degrees
Distance - to coast 0.1780449 km x 100
Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.20124611 degrees
Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.031622775 km
Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 37189.23 m
Remoteness index 0.0
Hydrology
Drainage - average 703.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
Drainage - variability 131.0 %
Runoff - average 284.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
Social
Disadvantaged 978.77545 points (mean=1000)
Substrate
2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.62533426
2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.9
2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.24623021
2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 105.00668 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 36.156075 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -1.0924757 MPa
2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -0.27038836 MPa
2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 56.28008
2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 22.160719
2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 57.0 mm
ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.6 Mg/m3
ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 20.0 %
Bouguer gravity anomalies -94.50662 Gal
Bulk density 1.651129 Mg/m^3
Calcrete 0.0 presence
Carbon - organic 0.9243204 %
Carbon store pre-European 96.21394 kgC/ha
Clay % 34.296776 %
Crop factor - annual mean 0.6951042
Crop factor - month max 0.9
Crop factor - month min 0.26807496
Erodibility 33.0 k factor
Erosional surfaces - proportion 100.0 %
Erosivity 920.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 46.0 mm/h
Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
Lithology - age range 6.9 my
Lithology - fertility 6.0 index
Lithology - mean age 419.075 my
Lithology - mean age (log) 2.6222918 log my
Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.83884907 log my
Magnetic anomalies 27.0 nT
Moisture - average 53.0 %
Moisture - variability 5.0 %
Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.68
Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.94
Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 0.98
Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.97
Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.24
Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.28
Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 41.0
Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.3
Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 8298.442 kgN/ha
Nitrogen concentration pre-European 48.5036 mgN kg/H2O
Nitrogen store pre-European 68.34809 kgN/ha
Nutrient status 1.0 index
Pedality hydrological score 2.6741936
Ph - soil 4.0 ph
Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 12.56686 kgP/ha
Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 1143.1172 kgP/ha
Phosphorus pre-European 8.918144 mgP kg/H2O
Soil depth 0.9 m
Soil pedality 2.6741936
Soils - coarse 0.0 class
Substrate data reliability 1.0
Topographic wetness index 2.775759
Unreliable water retention parameters 33.0
Water deficit - month max 114.49652 mm
Water deficit - month mean 31.266174 mm
Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
Water holding capacity 52000.0 mm
Water holding capacity - plant-available 86.0 mm
Water potential - annual mean -0.8198057 MPa
Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
Water stress index - annual mean 62.559376
Water stress index - month max 81.0
Water stress index - month min 24.126745
Water surplus - annual mean 0.31134987 mm
Water surplus - month max 3.7361984 mm
Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
Weathering Intensity V2 4.04377 Weathering Intensity Index
Topography
Aspect 142.0 degrees
Averaged Topographic Relief 100.125 metres
Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 100.0 m
Elevation 102.0 m
Ridge top flatness 0.0
Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
Slope length 1000.0 m
Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.86005807 degrees
Topographic relief 47.0617 m
Topographic roughness 13.57894 %
Topographic slope (%) 3.477761 %
Valley bottom % 0.0 %
Valley bottom flatness index 0.0
Vegetation
Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2435 EVI
Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 30.0 % Bare Soil
Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 27.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 42.0 % Persistent Vegetation
NDVI Mean 65.0 NDVI x 100
NPP Mean 12.0 tonnes/ha/yr
Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.5269 NDVI
Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 261.0 Day