Occurrence record: MEL 0065042A

PreservedSpecimen of Billardiera fraseri recorded on 1840-01-20

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution code Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection code National Herbarium of Victoria
Catalog number MEL 0065042A
Occurrence ID bd444306-6373-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Identified by Cayzer, L.; Crisp, M.
Identified date 1998-11-25
Identifier role det.
Collector Preiss, J.A.L.
Record number 1284
License CC-BY 3.0 (Au)
Field number 1284
Occurrence remarks Ex Herbarium O.W. Sonder (1812-1881). Flora of Australia Project, L. Cayzer, M. Crisp, 25/11/98.
Occurrence status present
Phenology flowers; buds
Collection code MEL
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Date identified 1998-11-25
Identification ID 6275038
Typified name Billardiera fraseri (Hook.) F.Muell.

Event

Field number 1284
Collecting date 1840-01-20
Date precision Day
Verbatim event date 20 Jan. 1840

Taxonomy

Scientific name Billardiera fraseri
Supplied scientific name "Billardiera fraseri (Hook.) F.Muell."
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Apiales
Family Pittosporaceae
Genus Billardiera
Species Billardiera fraseri
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed
Scientific name without author Billardiera fraseri
Scientific name authorship (Hook.) F.Muell.
Nomenclatural code ICBN

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province Western Australia
Locality Perth (C)
Locality Near Perth. [In arenosis sylvae prope oppidum Perth, 20 Jan. 1840.]
Latitude -31.95
Longitude 115.85
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 25000.0
Georeferenced by compiler
County Swan Coastal Plain
Generalised locality Perth
Biome Terrestrial

Additional properties

IBRA 7 Regions Swan Coastal Plain
ibra subregion Perth

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 8 missing properties
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Southwest Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Southwestern Australia Forests and Scrub
    Important Bird Areas (IBA) Australia Northern Swan Coastal Plain IBA
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Urban intensive uses
    NRM Regions Perth
    NRM Regions 2014 Perth
    NRM Regions 2015 Perth
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Southwestern Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions Swan Coastal Plain
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Perth
    IBRA 7 Regions Swan Coastal Plain
    IBRA 7 Subregions Perth
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Urban
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Classic "Mediterranean" climate with peaks of growth in winter and spring and moderate growth in winter
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Subtropical: distinctly dry summer
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Subtropical
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South West Coast
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 SWAN COAST-AVON RIVER
    River Regions SWAN COAST-AVON RIVER
    Land Management
    Western Australian Biodiversity Science Research Priority Regions South-West
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Leeuwin
    States including coastal waters Western Australia (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Western Australia
    Australian States and Territories Western Australia
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Perth
    LGA Boundaries (deprecated) Perth
    Local Government Areas Perth (C)
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) PERTH
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NORTH METROPOLITAN REGION
    Statistical Local Areas Perth (C) - Inner
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Perth Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qdc
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Western Coastlands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Swan Plain
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Built-up
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Bare
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 5849830.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 2.0 $/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.5863
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.8392
    Endemism 0.091243036
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.09820815
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.8702
    Migratory species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 547.1852 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 2.9817472 index
    Species Richness 39.382717 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.76197046
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 2.745537
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.03239488
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 152.88708 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 275.16 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 61.62 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.11 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.38 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.08 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 69.04915 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 78.672554 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 58.656807 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 61.400833 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 8.02 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.9007018
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 2.6315913 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.3473331 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.09083247
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.10939307
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season -9.75779
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 169.18 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -91.48625 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -262.04 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 107.56 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 28.4 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 18.63 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 8.94 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 25.105833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 13.899166 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 22.670013 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 9.44 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 18.84 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 3.100006 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 2.519989 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 13.160004 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 11.206668 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -3.9799805 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -2.8099976 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 9.200012 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 32.11 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 18.95 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.8121025
    Aridity index - month max 2.713035
    Aridity index - month min 0.027452128
    Evaporation - annual mean 158.93935 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 18426.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 291.41638 mm
    Evaporation - month min 65.99558 mm
    Evaporation - variability 8.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.07 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.37 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.05 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 77.31393 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 68.5048 %
    Humidity - month max relative 88.0967 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 77.91233 %
    Humidity - month min relative 58.265797 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 58.265797 %
    Precipitation - annual 833.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 771.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index -0.36406308
    Precipitation - annual mean 69.186806 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -4.76587
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 0.17226729
    Precipitation - autumn 183.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 29.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 412.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 8.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 1.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 41.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.80484754
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 2.2238777 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.5814912 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 84.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.06789819
    Precipitation - spring 148.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season -0.04327017
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.24081545
    Precipitation - spring reliability 49.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 32.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season -0.7607396
    Precipitation - summer or winter season -13.312595
    Precipitation - summer reliability 11.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 47.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 179.04832 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 38.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 434.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 479.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 82.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -89.75254 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -283.41638 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min 113.05274 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 18.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 11.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 26.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 28.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 8.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 28.4 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 18.506315 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 8.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 38.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 25.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 10.0 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 23.135834 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 18.4 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 12.3133335 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 22.052338 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 22.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 8.35 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 8.5 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 13.6 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 17.08 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 11.1 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 23.5 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.49 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 46.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 3.039978 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 2.3399963 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 13.0 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min 3.7965913 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 10.822502 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min 0.163712 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -3.8299866 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -2.5899963 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 8.630005 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 29.95 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 40.201454 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.38
    Temperature - warmest month min 17.1 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 31.2 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 23.8 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 13.9 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.4198261 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.59822065 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 1.1190975 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 1.1190975 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.08842921 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.28335392 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 268.1146 km/day
    Wind run - month max 311.0858 km/day
    Wind run - month min 234.6 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 5.675 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 3.9994588 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 5.45 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 6.5 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 4.4 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 6.5 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 4.6 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 3.4 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 3.4 m/s
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 805.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 458.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 8.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 33.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 86.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 38.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 175.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 458.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 186.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 217.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 91.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 139.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 105.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 236.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 48.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3930.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 308.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 239.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 139.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.1486607 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.29999998 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.0 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 5681.8525 m
    Remoteness index 0.0
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 917.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 87.0 %
    Runoff - average 0.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Disadvantaged -1914.7385 points (mean=1000)
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.49494988
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.90000004
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.03239488
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 72.70424 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 30.221697 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -0.9447029 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 44.545486
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 2.915539
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 12.364512 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 85.83002 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 54.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.38 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 6.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies -1112.368 Gal
    Bulk density 1.1974698 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic 0.2648439 %
    Carbon store pre-European 26.14699 kgC/ha
    Clay % 4.1506023 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.507644
    Crop factor - month max 0.9
    Crop factor - month min 0.027452128
    Erodibility 10.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 100.0 %
    Erosivity 879.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 172.72728 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 1.806 my
    Lithology - fertility 4.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 0.45725 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) -0.33984628 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.25671774 log my
    Magnetic anomalies -89.0 nT
    Moisture - average 41.0 %
    Moisture - variability 9.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.51
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.99
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.02
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.05
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 82.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.06
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 2162.75 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 36.06795 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 48.16428 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 1.5301205
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 8.792109 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 402.6072 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 6.583994 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 0.7 m
    Soil pedality 1.5301205
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 2.0
    Topographic wetness index 3.657395
    Unreliable water retention parameters 0.0
    Water deficit - month max 73.10498 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 29.150488 mm
    Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    Water holding capacity 27569.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 117.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -0.90577525 MPa
    Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 45.687958
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Water stress index - month min 2.4706914
    Water surplus - annual mean 16.492193 mm
    Water surplus - month max 109.64607 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 3.31164 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 178.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 58.333332 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 13.0 m
    Elevation 33.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.0
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.65911317 degrees
    Topographic relief 59.91228 m
    Topographic roughness 54.61396 %
    Topographic slope (%) 3.94033 %
    Valley bottom % 0.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.0
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.0796 EVI
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 55.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 45.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    NDVI Mean 44.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 0.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.1588 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2002 dry 172.11111 Day