Occurrence record: MEL 0564368A

PreservedSpecimen of Carduus nutans recorded on 1968-10-01

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 0564368A
Occurrence ID d3ddd032-6373-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet - 1
Collector Smith, R.V.
Collecting number s.n.
Reproductive condition flowers
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Establishment means introduced
Occurrence status present
Identification verification status verified
Identification ID deb0cbe0-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 1968-10-01
Supplied date "1968-10"
Date precision Day
Event ID 1e5780d2-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Taxonomy

Scientific name Carduus nutans
Supplied scientific name "Carduus nutans subsp. nutans"
Taxon rank species
Supplied as "subspecies"
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae
Genus Carduus
Species Carduus nutans
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Higher taxon match
The match is based on the higher level classification.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Infraspecific epithet nutans
Scientific name authorship L.
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area East Gippsland (S)
Locality Bairnsdale.
Latitude -37.8166667
Longitude 147.6000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Verbatim locality Bairnsdale.
Coordinate precision 0.0166666667
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Georeference sources W40
Georeferenced by National Herbarium of Victoria
Location ID 92652fa6-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 147° 36' E
Verbatim latitude 37° 49' S

Additional properties

recorded by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q21609131

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Coordinate precision not valid Failed
    Incomplete collection date Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced sources Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 6 missing properties
    Show/Hide 39 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow less than 3 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Marine Southern Australian Marine
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Urban intensive uses
    NRM Regions 2010 East Gippsland
    NRM Regions 2014 East Gippsland
    NRM Regions 2015 East Gippsland
    NRM Regions 2017 East Gippsland
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) East Gippsland
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Removed = ploughed
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 East Gippsland
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions South East Coastal Plain
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Gippsland Plain
    IBRA 7 Regions South East Coastal Plain
    IBRA 7 Subregions Gippsland Plain
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Mixed settlements
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (warm summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (Victoria)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 MITCHELL-THOMSON RIVERS
    River Regions MITCHELL-THOMSON RIVERS
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Cape Howe
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Gippsland
    Local Government Areas 2011 East Gippsland (S)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated E. Gippsland - Bairnsdale
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 EAST GIPPSLAND SHIRE
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 20
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 1929
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) BAIRNSDALE
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) GIPPSLAND - EAST
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) LATROBE - GIPPSLAND
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) GIPPSLAND
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) GIPPSLAND
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) GIPPSLAND
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) BAIRNSDALE
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) BAIRNSDALE
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) OTHER URBAN
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) 10,000 TO 19,999
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) BAIRNSDALE
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) EASTERN VICTORIA
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) EASTERN VICTORIA
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) BAIRNSDALE
    PSMA Wards (2018) EAST GIPPSLAND SHIRE
    Statistical Local Areas E. Gippsland (S) - Bairnsdale
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Gippsland Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qrc
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Gippsland Plain
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 3512158.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.020928612 t/ha
    Potassium 0.06680195 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.7268
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.3727
    Endemism 0.015212296
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.016906446
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3794
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 29269.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.1313963 index
    Species Richness 1125.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.5761652
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 43.81 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 50.322502 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 31.41 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.0670457
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.06661046
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 21.72 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.4991665 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 22.74002 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.72665936
    Aridity index - month max 1.6004903
    Aridity index - month min 0.30328384
    Evaporation - annual mean 101.336464 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 15266.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 184.42233 mm
    Evaporation - month min 34.989277 mm
    Evaporation - variability 9.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.07 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.34 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 82.31399 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 71.80696 %
    Humidity - month max relative 90.65137 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 79.65143 %
    Humidity - month min relative 65.50954 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 65.50954 %
    Precipitation - annual 707.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 660.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 56.89805 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.16170216
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 151.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 47.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 8.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 148.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1443793
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 16.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.14352378
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 154.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 69.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 17.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 193.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 15.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 42.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 22.6 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 19.683334 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 14.5 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 8.1175 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 21.300018 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 22.9 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 3.35 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 3.5 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.9 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 12.0 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 10.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.52 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 25.27 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.26
    Temperature - warmest month min 12.95 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 26.4 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 19.2 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 14.7 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 206.92116 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 717.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 171.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 36.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 147.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 18.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 147.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 81.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 219.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 144.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 213.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 41.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 97.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 113.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 188.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 53.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3527.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 254.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 188.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 158.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.210238 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.17999999 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.0 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 9721.101 m
    Remoteness index 2.4903486
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 476.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 98.0 %
    Runoff - average 589.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 41.89586 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 73.31145
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 176.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.07 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 30.0 %
    Bulk density 1.1297297 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.8738208 %
    Clay % 31.45946 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 100.0 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.64
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.91
    Nutrient status 1.2 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.7 m
    Soil pedality 3.7081082
    Water holding capacity 39000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 79.47829
    Weathering Intensity V2 3.45102 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 137.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 139.04167 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 12.0 m
    Elevation 11.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.064709 degrees
    Topographic relief 3.965341 m
    Topographic slope (%) 0.1977536 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3342 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 76.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 12.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 20.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 68.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0361 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 2.5 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 71.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 8.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.5977 NDVI