Occurrence record: NSW 587428

PreservedSpecimen of Xanthium italicum recorded on 1975-03-06

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource NSW AVH data
Institution The Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust
Supplied institution code "NSW"
Collection National Herbarium of New South Wales
Supplied collection code "NSW"
Catalogue Number NSW 587428
Occurrence ID NSW:NSW:NSW 587428
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Identified by Michael, P.W., Lander, N.S.
Identified date 1977-06-10
Collector Lander, N.S.
Collecting number 615
Reproductive condition fertile
Establishment means introduced
Occurrence remarks A pure stand of "Hunter Burr".
Occurrence status present
Supplied as Present
Date identified 1977-06-10
Identification verification status verified

Event

Collecting date 1975-03-06
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Xanthium italicum
Supplied scientific name "Xanthium italicum Moretti"
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae
Genus Xanthium
Species Xanthium italicum
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship Moretti

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Local government area Muswellbrook (A)
Locality Sandy Creek, N of Muswellbrook, beneath bridge.
Latitude -32.2300000000
Longitude 150.9000000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim locality Sandy Creek, N of Muswellbrook, beneath bridge.
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 5000.0
Verbatim coordinates 32,14,,S,150,54,,E,
Biome Terrestrial

Additional properties

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 8 missing properties
    Show/Hide 41 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    GER Hunter Valley GER Hunter Valley
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Irrigated pastures and cropping
    NRM Regions 2010 Hunter-Central Rivers
    NRM Regions 2014 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2015 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Hunter
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Hunter
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Hunter
    IBRA 7 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 7 Subregions Hunter
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Residential rainfed croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Most plant growth in summer, although summers are moisture limiting. Temperature limits growth in winter
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 HUNTER RIVER
    River Regions HUNTER RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Hunter
    Local Government Areas 2011 Muswellbrook (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Muswellbrook
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 MUSWELLBROOK SHIRE COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Hunter
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 3
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 1342
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) MUSWELLBROOK
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) UPPER HUNTER
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) HUNTER VALLEY EXC NEWCASTLE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) HUNTER
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) HUNTER
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) MUSWELLBROOK
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) MUSWELLBROOK - SURROUNDS
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NORTH-EASTERN NSW
    PSMA Localities (2018) MUSWELLBROOK
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) MUSWELLBROOK
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (NSW)
    Statistical Local Areas Muswellbrook (A)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Sydney Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qa
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Macquarie Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Hunter Valley
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Open Forests
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus open forests with a shrubby understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 8673855.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.016844 t/ha
    Potassium 0.075933 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.0985
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.5983
    Endemism 0.0058227554
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.006244096
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 5104.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.950085 index
    Species Richness 893.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 1.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 2.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.37030178
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 57.49 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 46.84083 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 27.11 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.93166655
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.07279661
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 26.0275 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 11.910833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 27.839996 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.41369236
    Aridity index - month max 0.7758621
    Aridity index - month min 0.25494593
    Evaporation - annual mean 139.52243 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 14000.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 243.18881 mm
    Evaporation - month min 58.0 mm
    Evaporation - variability 19.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.13 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.27 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.09 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 77.63678 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 62.078087 %
    Humidity - month max relative 85.040886 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 72.59881 %
    Humidity - month min relative 52.714455 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 52.714455 %
    Precipitation - annual 606.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 609.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 51.51797 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.50086963
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 109.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 35.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 7.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 107.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.9915706
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 27.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.008442031
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 207.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 80.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 17.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 209.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 18.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 31.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 24.2 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 24.089167 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 17.6 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 10.274167 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 26.800018 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 27.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 3.58 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 3.9 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 11.3 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 13.9 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 11.4 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.5 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 30.83 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.69
    Temperature - warmest month min 16.61 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 31.6 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 23.8 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 23.6 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 142.44556 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 645.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 121.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 34.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 111.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 32.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 234.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 95.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 234.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 175.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 274.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 36.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 110.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 140.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 120.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 51.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4822.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 310.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 234.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 234.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 1.108016 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.014142135 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 64339.22 m
    Remoteness index 1.7147273
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 58.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 189.0 %
    Runoff - average 416.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 4.5 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 54.63073
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 87.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.07 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 32.0 %
    Bulk density 1.414394 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.3102218 %
    Clay % 41.64983 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 47.5 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.4
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.55
    Nutrient status 1.9 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.7 m
    Soil pedality 3.4872053
    Water holding capacity 16000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 69.82759
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.74148 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 240.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 159.375 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 147.0 m
    Elevation 148.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.2675184 degrees
    Topographic relief 4.706726 m
    Topographic slope (%) 0.3053296 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.4778 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 85.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 1.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 29.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 70.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.035 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 5.1 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 72.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 15.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.6923 NDVI