Occurrence record: HO112176

PreservedSpecimen of Xanthium strumarium recorded on 1987-07-14

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource HO AVH data
Institution code Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery
Supplied institution code "HO"
Collection code Tasmanian Herbarium
Catalog number HO112176
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Collector Symon, D.
Record number 14705
License CC-BY 3.0 (Au)
Occurrence remarks One large dead bush. ‘= X. orientale L.’
Occurrence status present
Collection code HO
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided

Event

Collecting date 1987-07-14
Date precision Day
Verbatim event date 14 Jul 1987

Taxonomy

Scientific name Xanthium strumarium
Supplied scientific name "Xanthium californicum Greene"
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae
Genus Xanthium
Species Xanthium strumarium
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed
Scientific name authorship Greene

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province South Australia
Locality Unincorporated SA
Locality Moralana Creek, crossing of main road north
Habitat Creek bed in stony gravels
Latitude -31.548631
Supplied as: "-31.550000"
Longitude 138.384345
Supplied as: "138.383333"
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "unknown"
Verbatim locality Moralana Creek, crossing of main road north
Coordinate precision 0.016667
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 1000.0
Verbatim SRS AGM66
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU

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    Name not supplied Passed
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    Invalid scientific name Passed
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No practices
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No practices
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Grazing of native pastures
    NRM Regions 2010 South Australian Arid Lands
    NRM Regions 2014 South Australian Arid Lands
    NRM Regions 2015 South Australian Arid Lands
    NRM Regions 2017 South Australian Arid Lands
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 South Australian Arid Lands
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Lake Eyre Basin
    IBRA 6 Regions Flinders Lofty Block
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Southern Flinders
    IBRA 7 Regions Flinders Lofty Block
    IBRA 7 Subregions Central Flinders
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Tirari-Sturt Stony Desert
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Remote rangelands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Semi-arid climate that is too dry to support field crops. Soil moisture tends to be greatest in winter
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Grassland: hot (persistently dry)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Grassland
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Chenopod shrubland (semi-arid/arid)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South Australian Gulf
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 LAKE TORRENS-MAMBRAY COAST
    River Regions LAKE TORRENS-MAMBRAY COAST
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World South Australian Gulfs
    States including coastal waters South Australia (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Grey
    Local Government Areas 2011 Unincorporated SA
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Unincorp. Flinders Ranges
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 PASTORAL UNINCORPORATED AREA
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 73
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 505
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF SA
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) OUTBACK
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) OUTBACK - NORTH AND EAST
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) SOUTH AUSTRALIA - OUTBACK
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) GREY
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) GREY
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) EYRE
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) LAKE EYRE - LAKE TORRENS
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) PORT AUGUSTA
    PSMA Localities (2018) FLINDERS RANGES
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Remote Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (SA)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) STUART
    PSMA States (2016) SOUTH AUSTRALIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (SA)
    Statistical Local Areas Unincorp. Flinders Ranges
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Adelaide Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qa
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Gulfs Ranges Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Flinders-Lofty Ranges
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Native shrublands and heathlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus woodlands with a shrubby understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Leasehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Acacia shrublands
    Vegetation types - present Acacia shrublands

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Beef numbers 351241.0 dse
    Dairy numbers 0.0 dse
    Natural resource management expenditure 1911830.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 0.0 $/ha
    Nitrogen 0.025716 t/ha
    Sheep numbers 319253.0 dse
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.019951 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.7455
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.177
    Endemism 0.002424752
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.002812462
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.0
    Migratory species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 5.9135804 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 2.0794415 index
    Species Richness 1.5802469 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.107637525
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 0.24854158
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.04216911
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 214.15834 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 368.07 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 82.28 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.07 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 55.845665 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 70.78281 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 44.549 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 17.606667 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 11.61 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.2433815
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.4382688 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.2829355 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.9785024
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.23808484
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season -0.021574916
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 26.41 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -196.55167 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -350.96002 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min -61.829998 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 28.66 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 19.9275 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 10.33 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 27.045834 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 12.669167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 30.129974 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 5.3 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 17.86 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 3.7099915 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 3.649994 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 15.449982 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 14.376666 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -5.1900024 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -4.0999756 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 11.880005 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 35.43 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 20.2 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.13314979
    Aridity index - month max 0.3190198
    Aridity index - month min 0.043159585
    Evaporation - annual mean 221.71414 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 5150.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 402.52737 mm
    Evaporation - month min 76.71943 mm
    Evaporation - variability 24.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.07 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.02 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 68.26111 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 55.286976 %
    Humidity - month max relative 85.45672 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 69.84356 %
    Humidity - month min relative 43.941456 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 43.941456 %
    Precipitation - annual 231.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 244.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index -0.031532038
    Precipitation - annual mean 20.227865 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.16083139
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 0.86038965
    Precipitation - autumn 56.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 20.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 72.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 16.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 3.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 49.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.9355062
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.30537635 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.2272338 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 18.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.85136545
    Precipitation - spring 54.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season -0.016325789
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.0676924
    Precipitation - spring reliability 30.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 60.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season -0.038549997
    Precipitation - summer or winter season -0.17172167
    Precipitation - summer reliability 19.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 56.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 26.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 6.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 72.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 70.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 44.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -201.48628 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -380.52737 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min -52.24441 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 19.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 11.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 20.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 29.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 10.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 28.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 19.85 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 10.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 34.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 27.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 11.1 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 24.8025 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 18.6 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 10.9725 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 29.252502 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 30.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.18 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 11.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 15.72 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 14.2 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 22.0 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.47 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 47.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 3.8600159 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 3.4400024 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 15.190002 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min -0.23917933 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 13.830005 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -3.71744 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -5.139984 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -4.0899963 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 11.440002 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 33.23 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 41.765636 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.97
    Temperature - warmest month min 18.17 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 34.5 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 25.9 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 11.6 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.6796379 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.8816091 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 1.6733621 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 1.6733621 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.04451883 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.29985976 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 189.83046 km/day
    Wind run - month max 224.2763 km/day
    Wind run - month min 144.91322 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 3.5166667 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 3.2 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 4.1 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 4.2 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 4.0 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 4.2 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 2.9 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 2.1 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 2.1 m/s
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 240.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 71.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 14.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 47.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 22.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 53.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 29.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 78.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 185.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 301.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 42.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 111.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 143.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 227.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 47.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 5723.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 343.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 257.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 119.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 1.159741 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 1.1567627 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 217963.81 m
    Remoteness index 10.180423
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 14.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 116.0 %
    Runoff - average 345.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Age 37.2 years
    Age - prime group 30.4 Count
    Disadvantaged 985.104 points (mean=1000)
    Education - degrees 7.0 %
    Education - vocational training 25.9 %
    Employment 20.4 %
    Home ownership 26.4 %
    Income - high 36.9 %
    Income - low 10.9 %
    Internet 43.4 %
    Population - change -11.0 count
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 0.0 people/km^2
    Unemployment rate 2.1 %
    Work force - older 31.5 Count
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.107637525
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.24854158
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.04216911
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 198.56726 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 107.30792 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 32.74579 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 9.687377
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 22.36874
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 3.7952197
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 60.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.55 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 33.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies -221.2551 Gal
    Bulk density 1.3522527 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.4 presence
    Carbon - organic 0.20028237 %
    Carbon store pre-European 22.15374 kgC/ha
    Clay % 28.0 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.13314979
    Crop factor - month max 0.3190198
    Crop factor - month min 0.043159585
    Erodibility 71.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 81.25 %
    Erosivity 292.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 30.0 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 16.666666
    Lithology - age range 1.7945 my
    Lithology - fertility 3.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 0.48975 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) -0.31002554 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.25394347 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 54.0 nT
    Moisture - average 33.0 %
    Moisture - variability 9.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.13
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.27
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 0.3
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.27
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.05
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.05
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 68.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.05
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 1709.869 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 47.7938 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 20.33402 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.3 index
    Pedality hydrological score 2.3406594
    Ph - soil 6.0 ph
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 3.716431 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 303.65765 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 8.735229 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 0.4 m
    Soil pedality 2.3406594
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 3.0
    Topographic wetness index 10.7028
    Unreliable water retention parameters 4.0
    Water deficit - month max 248.03842 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 117.94585 mm
    Water deficit - month min 29.645184 mm
    Water holding capacity 30000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 60.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -1.5 MPa
    Water potential - month max -1.5 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 11.98348
    Water stress index - month max 28.711782
    Water stress index - month min 3.8843627
    Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 2.85913 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 225.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 151.875 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 184.0 m
    Elevation 196.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.0
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.8407254 degrees
    Topographic relief 18.15662 m
    Topographic roughness 2.320443 %
    Topographic slope (%) 1.230902 %
    Valley bottom % 31.25 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 1.846021
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.1181 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 15.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 47.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 44.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 8.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0051 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.2 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 21.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 2.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.24 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 144.55556 Day