Occurrence record: HO112176

PreservedSpecimen of Xanthium orientale recorded on 1987-07-14

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium IPT
Data resource HO AVH data
Institution code Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery
Supplied institution code "HO"
Collection code Tasmanian Herbarium
Supplied collection code "HO"
Catalog number HO112176
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Collector Symon, D.
Record number 14705
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Occurrence remarks One large dead bush. ‘= X. orientale L.’
Occurrence status present

Event

Collecting date 1987-07-14
Date precision Day
Verbatim event date 14 Jul 1987

Taxonomy

Scientific name Xanthium orientale
Supplied scientific name "Xanthium californicum Greene"
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae
Genus Xanthium
Species Xanthium orientale
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Higher taxon match
The match is based on the higher level classification.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship Greene

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province South Australia
Locality Unincorporated SA
Locality Moralana Creek, crossing of main road north
Habitat Creek bed in stony gravels
Latitude -31.548631
Supplied as: "-31.550000"
Longitude 138.384345
Supplied as: "138.383333"
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "unknown"
Verbatim locality Moralana Creek, crossing of main road north
Coordinate precision 0.016667
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 1000.0
Verbatim SRS AGM66
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

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    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
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    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
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    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Decimal latitude/longitude conversion failed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
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    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No practices
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No practices
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Grazing of native pastures
    NRM Regions 2010 South Australian Arid Lands
    NRM Regions 2014 South Australian Arid Lands
    NRM Regions 2015 South Australian Arid Lands
    NRM Regions 2017 South Australian Arid Lands
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) South Australian Arid Lands
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 South Australian Arid Lands
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Lake Eyre Basin
    IBRA 6 Regions Flinders Lofty Block
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Southern Flinders
    IBRA 7 Regions Flinders Lofty Block
    IBRA 7 Subregions Central Flinders
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Tirari-Sturt Stony Desert
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Remote rangelands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Semi-arid climate that is too dry to support field crops. Soil moisture tends to be greatest in winter
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Grassland: hot (persistently dry)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Grassland
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Chenopod shrubland (semi-arid/arid)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South Australian Gulf
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 LAKE TORRENS-MAMBRAY COAST
    River Regions LAKE TORRENS-MAMBRAY COAST
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World South Australian Gulfs
    States including coastal waters South Australia (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Grey
    Local Government Areas 2011 Unincorporated SA
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Unincorp. Flinders Ranges
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 PASTORAL UNINCORPORATED AREA
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 73
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 505
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF SA
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) OUTBACK
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) OUTBACK - NORTH AND EAST
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) SOUTH AUSTRALIA - OUTBACK
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) GREY
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) GREY
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) EYRE
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) LAKE EYRE - LAKE TORRENS
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) PORT AUGUSTA
    PSMA Localities (2018) FLINDERS RANGES
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Remote Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (SA)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) STUART
    PSMA States (2016) SOUTH AUSTRALIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (SA)
    Statistical Local Areas Unincorp. Flinders Ranges
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Adelaide Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qa
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Gulfs Ranges Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Flinders-Lofty Ranges
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Native shrublands and heathlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus woodlands with a shrubby understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Leasehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Acacia shrublands
    Vegetation types - present Acacia shrublands

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 1911830.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.019951 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.7455
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.177
    Endemism 0.0026505908
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.0026597884
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.0
    Migratory species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 560.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.319034 index
    Species Richness 264.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.107637525
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 82.28 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 17.606667 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 11.61 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.2433815
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.23808484
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 27.045834 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 12.669167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 30.129974 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.13314979
    Aridity index - month max 0.3190198
    Aridity index - month min 0.043159585
    Evaporation - annual mean 221.71414 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 5150.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 402.52737 mm
    Evaporation - month min 76.71943 mm
    Evaporation - variability 24.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.07 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.02 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 68.26111 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 55.286976 %
    Humidity - month max relative 85.45672 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 69.84356 %
    Humidity - month min relative 43.941456 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 43.941456 %
    Precipitation - annual 231.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 244.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 20.227865 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.16083139
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 72.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 16.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 3.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 49.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.9355062
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 18.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.0676924
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 56.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 26.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 6.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 72.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 19.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 34.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 27.1 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 24.8025 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 18.6 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 10.9725 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 29.252502 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 30.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.18 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 11.3 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 14.2 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 22.0 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.47 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 33.23 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.97
    Temperature - warmest month min 18.17 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 34.5 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 25.9 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 11.6 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 189.83046 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 240.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 71.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 14.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 47.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 22.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 53.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 29.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 78.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 185.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 301.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 42.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 111.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 143.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 227.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 47.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 5723.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 343.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 257.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 119.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 1.159741 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 1.1567627 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 217963.81 m
    Remoteness index 10.180423
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 14.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 116.0 %
    Runoff - average 345.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 0.0 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 22.36874
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 60.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.55 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 33.0 %
    Bulk density 1.3522527 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 0.20028237 %
    Clay % 28.0 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 30.0 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.13
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.27
    Nutrient status 1.3 index
    Ph - soil 6.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.4 m
    Soil pedality 2.3406594
    Water holding capacity 30000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 28.711782
    Weathering Intensity V2 2.85913 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 225.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 151.875 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 184.0 m
    Elevation 196.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.8407254 degrees
    Topographic relief 18.15662 m
    Topographic slope (%) 1.230902 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.1181 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 15.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 47.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 44.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 8.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0051 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.2 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 21.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 2.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.24 NDVI