Occurrence record: HO562248

PreservedSpecimen of Themeda triandra | Kangaroo grass recorded on 1998-01-13

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource HO AVH data
Institution Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery
Supplied institution code "HO"
Collection Tasmanian Herbarium
Supplied collection code "HO"
Catalogue Number HO562248
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Identified by M.F. Duretto
Identified date 1998
Collector Payne, M.C.|Duretto, M.F.
Collecting number 63
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Occurrence remarks Common between Lake Linlithgow and Dunkeld; common growing with Eryngium (both are very prominent on either side of road). Grid Ref.: D44. Map: Hamilton 110 165
Occurrence status present
Date identified 1998

Event

Collecting date 1998-01-13
Date precision Day
Verbatim event date 13 Jan 1998

Taxonomy

Scientific name Themeda triandra
Supplied scientific name "Themeda triandra Forssk."
Taxon rank species
Common name Kangaroo grass
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Themeda
Species Themeda triandra
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship Forssk.

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area Southern Grampians (S)
Locality Hamilton, near Lake Linlithgow
Habitat By side of road
Latitude -37.790298
Supplied as: "-37.791667"
Longitude 142.234371
Supplied as: "142.233333"
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "unknown"
Verbatim locality Hamilton, near Lake Linlithgow
Minimum elevation in metres 200
Coordinate precision 0.016667
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 1000.0
Georeferenced by Payne, M.C.
Verbatim SRS AGM66
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim elevation 200.0
Supplied as 200

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Identification date before occurrence date Failed
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Coordinates converted to WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Decimal latitude/longitude conversion failed Passed
    Altitude out of range Passed
    Altitude value non-numeric Passed
    Altitude value supplied in feet Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 6 missing properties
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow less than 3 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Modified pastures
    NRM Regions 2010 Glenelg Hopkins
    NRM Regions 2014 Glenelg Hopkins
    NRM Regions 2015 Glenelg Hopkins
    NRM Regions 2017 Glenelg Hopkins
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Glenelg Hopkins
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Removed by hot burn
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Removed by hot burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Glenelg Hopkins
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Bass Strait Drainages
    IBRA 6 Regions Victorian Volcanic Plain
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Victorian Volcanic Plain
    IBRA 7 Regions Southern Volcanic Plain
    IBRA 7 Subregions Victorian Volcanic Plain
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (warm summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (Victoria)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 GLENELG RIVER
    River Regions GLENELG RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Western Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Wannon
    Local Government Areas 2011 Southern Grampians (S)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated S. Grampians Bal
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 SOUTHERN GRAMPIANS SHIRE
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 26
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 721
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) SOUTHERN GRAMPIANS
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) GLENELG - SOUTHERN GRAMPIANS
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) WARRNAMBOOL AND SOUTH WEST
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) WANNON
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) WANNON
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) SOUTHERN GRAMPIANS - GLENELG
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) SOUTHERN GRAMPIANS
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) CROXTON EAST
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LOWAN
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LOWAN
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (VIC.)
    PSMA Wards (2018) SOUTHERN GRAMPIANS SHIRE
    Statistical Local Areas S. Grampians (S) Bal
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Otway Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qbn
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 West Victorian Plains
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Casuarina forests and woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 1.3425117E7 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.017317 t/ha
    Potassium 0.04537 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.6274
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.0543
    Endemism 0.0029567177
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.003180242
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 9552.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 4.689368 index
    Species Richness 391.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 10.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.66846967
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 37.24 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 48.41417 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 22.36 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.3470892
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.34436154
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 19.855 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 8.604167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 22.019989 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.8557755
    Aridity index - month max 1.9399817
    Aridity index - month min 0.16527654
    Evaporation - annual mean 107.1317 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 14103.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 211.7663 mm
    Evaporation - month min 32.474533 mm
    Evaporation - variability 7.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.27 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.02 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 85.4344 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 72.43278 %
    Humidity - month max relative 96.91024 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 85.50773 %
    Humidity - month min relative 59.20024 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 59.20024 %
    Precipitation - annual 674.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 653.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 57.256866 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.49593022
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 222.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 33.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 6.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 99.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.2056292
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 31.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.20435269
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 100.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 82.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 18.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 223.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 15.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 45.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.3 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 18.095 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 13.3 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 7.3141665 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 20.600006 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 22.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.01 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 8.9 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 11.0 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 17.9 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.5 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 25.09 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.25
    Temperature - warmest month min 11.0 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 26.6 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 18.1 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 9.1 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 213.75693 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 707.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 234.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 29.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 103.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 30.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 103.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 88.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 240.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 131.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 212.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 42.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 86.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 109.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 176.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 51.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3472.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 254.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 176.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 92.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.022360679 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.5635601 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.094868325 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.022360679 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 87238.91 m
    Remoteness index 2.8981476
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 2006.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 63.0 %
    Runoff - average 183.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 1.1 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 100.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.45 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 53.0 %
    Bulk density 1.5802976 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.8650726 %
    Clay % 40.809525 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 17.5 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.64
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Nutrient status 1.75 index
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.8 m
    Soil pedality 3.1380951
    Water holding capacity 28000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 5.22267 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 269.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 22.541666 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 198.0 m
    Elevation 196.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.11969248 degrees
    Topographic relief 3.938339 m
    Topographic slope (%) 0.2230561 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.1579 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 32.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 19.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 59.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 22.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0148 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.7 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 60.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 4.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3158 NDVI