Occurrence record: NSW 934734

PreservedSpecimen of Themeda triandra | Kangaroo grass recorded on 2016-01-08


Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution code The Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust
Supplied institution code "NSW"
Collection code National Herbarium of New South Wales
Catalog number NSW 934734
Occurrence ID NSW:NSW:NSW 934734
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Identified by Jobson, R.W.
Identified date 2016-01-08
Collector Jobson, R.W.
Record number 3063
License CC-BY 3.0 (Au)
Occurrence status present
Supplied as Present
Collection code NSW
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Date identified 2016-01-08


Collecting date 2016-01-08
Date precision Day


Scientific name Themeda triandra
Supplied scientific name "Themeda triandra Forssk."
Taxon rank species
Common name Kangaroo grass
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Themeda
Species Themeda triandra
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed
Scientific name authorship Forssk.


Country Australia
State / Province New South Wales
Locality Coffs Harbour (C)
Locality Redrock, 25 m N of carpark.
Habitat Low Banksia scrub.
Latitude -29.9808018992
Supplied as: "-29.9808019000"
Longitude 153.2320819
Supplied as: "153.2320819000"
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "GDA94"
Verbatim locality Redrock, 25 m N of carpark.
Minimum elevation in meters 9
Maximum elevation in meters 9
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 100.0
Verbatim coordinates 29,58,51,S,153,13,55,E,GDA94
Biome Terrestrial

Additional properties

Type PhysicalObject

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Coordinates converted to WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Decimal latitude/longitude conversion failed Passed
    Min and max altitude reversed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 9 missing properties
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow less than 3 months
    GER Jaliigirr GER Jaliigirr
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Nature conservation
    NRM Regions 2010 Northern Rivers
    NRM Regions 2014 North Coast
    NRM Regions 2015 North Coast
    NRM Regions 2017 North Coast
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble mulched
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble mulched
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 North Coast
    IBRA 6 Regions NSW North Coast
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Yuraygir
    IBRA 7 Regions NSW North Coast
    IBRA 7 Subregions Yuraygir
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated woodlands
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Warmer and wetter end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Subtropical: no dry season
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Subtropical
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 BELLINGER RIVER
    River Regions BELLINGER RIVER
    Estuary habitat mapping 2380 Corindi River/Red Rock River Intertidal Flats
    Global Seagrass Species Richness (2003) 2.00000000
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Tweed-Moreton
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Cowper
    Local Government Areas 2011 Coffs Harbour (C)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Coffs Harbour - Pt B
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 COFFS HARBOUR CITY COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions North Coast
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 102
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 5553
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) WOOLGOOLGA - ARRAWARRA
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) COFFS HARBOUR
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) COFFS HARBOUR - GRAFTON
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) PAGE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) PAGE
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) COFFS HARBOUR - NAMBUCCA
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) COFFS HARBOUR
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NSW CENTRAL AND NORTH COAST
    PSMA Localities (2018) RED ROCK
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) BOUNDED LOCALITY
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) 200 TO 499
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) COFFS HARBOUR
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) CLARENCE
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) RED ROCK (L)
    Statistical Local Areas Coffs Harbour (C) - Pt B
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Surface Geology of Australia Cscr
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia New England-Moreton Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Clarence Fall
    Land cover Native shrublands and heathlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Vegetation - condition Residual
    Vegetation types - native Melaleuca forests and woodlands
    Vegetation types - present Melaleuca forests and woodlands

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Beef numbers 124826.0 dse
    Dairy numbers 11061.0 dse
    Natural resource management expenditure 1.4148657E7 $
    Sheep numbers 338.0 dse
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.7386
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.5674
    Endemism 0.014896976
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.009829658
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3794
    Migratory species (2008) 17.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 140.46913 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 1.5270526 index
    Species Richness 12.345679 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 14.0 frequency
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.7866754
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.7727969
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.2426191
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 148.74147 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 210.15819 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 82.12909 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.3890909 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.59181815 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.29909092 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 109.37099 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 32.147274 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.43960857
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.4531729 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -2.2420793 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 2.173478
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -1.2689015
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season 1.1673253
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 191.70273 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -39.37049 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -113.50455 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 74.83273 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 23.496365 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 17.10682 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 10.194546 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 25.375454 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 15.873788 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 19.244537 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 9.907272 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 20.729092 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 2.2908936 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 2.715454 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 11.610931 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.501674 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -2.4718323 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -3.247284 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.7218323 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 29.15182 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 21.102728 degrees C
    Evaporation - average 26078.0 ml
    Evaporation - variability 11.0 %
    Precipitation - annual 1398.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1391.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn 493.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 39.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 204.5 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 8.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 151.75 mm
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 44.75 mm
    Precipitation - spring 239.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring reliability 48.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 449.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer reliability 52.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 480.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 46.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 530.25 mm
    Precipitation - winter 266.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 19.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -18.337261 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -88.429535 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 17.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 12.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 16.25 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 23.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 9.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 28.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 20.525 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 15.3 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 19.45 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 19.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 8.875 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 14.775 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 9.275 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 16.3 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.48 %
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.1724999
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 28.05 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 23.575 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 21.45 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 300.55112 km/day
    Wind run - month max 331.07507 km/day
    Wind run - month min 271.55997 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 6.199004 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 4.7327104 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 5.9288054 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 6.752537 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 5.1050735 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 6.752537 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 5.436716 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 4.4734316 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 4.4734316 m/s
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.02 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.0 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.17999999 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.02 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 1209.6862 m
    Remoteness index 2.6769252
    Drainage - average 1879.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 93.0 %
    Runoff - average 5706.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.9302326 Percentage
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.7597713
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.90000004
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.44856665
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 63.128197 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 21.373917 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -0.8206606 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 68.37942
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 40.371
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 1.6869901 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 20.243881 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Bouguer gravity anomalies 493.4458 Gal
    Bulk density 1.3291337 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon store pre-European 79.6001 kgC/ha
    Clay % 5.9596014 %
    Erodibility 59.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 0.0 %
    Erosivity 4617.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 276.13635 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 12.6104 my
    Lithology - fertility 3.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 67.3352 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 0.59364414 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.6747335 log my
    Magnetic anomalies -39.0 nT
    Moisture - average 57.0 %
    Moisture - variability 12.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.805
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.98
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.4525
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.5225
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 25.75
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.75
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 6181.605 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 48.98032 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 66.93445 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 1.7719876
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 12.31624 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 694.86176 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 9.012601 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 0.792 m
    Soil pedality 1.7719876
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 1.52
    Topographic wetness index 2.213142
    Unreliable water retention parameters 0.0
    Water holding capacity 71000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 144.25 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 5.13916 Weathering Intensity Index
    Aspect 170.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 87.166664 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 4.0 m
    Elevation 20.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 1.889737
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.5184598 degrees
    Topographic relief 10.24922 m
    Topographic roughness 88.92236 %
    Topographic slope (%) 1.269389 %
    Valley bottom % 12.5 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 3.901443
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.0704 EVI
    NDVI Mean 84.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 20.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.179 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2002 dry 113.457146 Day
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 109.34286 Day