Occurrence record: MEL 2212444A

PreservedSpecimen of Pterostylis bicolor recorded on 2003-10-30

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 2212444A
Occurrence ID 2dee6a6e-6374-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Collector Walsh, N.G.
Collecting number 5877
Reproductive condition flowers
State conservation Victoria: Poorly Known
Occurrence remarks Fairly common.
Occurrence status present
Supplied as Present
Identification verification status verified
Identification ID 17c43cb1-1abd-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 2003-10-30
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Pterostylis bicolor
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asparagales
Family Orchidaceae
Genus Pterostylis
Species Pterostylis bicolor
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area Benalla (RC)
Locality Warby Ranges, western slopes. Headwater of Gnarite Ck, 4.5 km WNW of Mt Warby. AMG 55: 4245 59785
Habitat Shallow soil over granite, eastern side of creek and about 3 m above it. Associated spp. include Pterostylis hamata, Dichopogon strictum, Wahlenbergia stricta, Centrolepis spp., Thelymitra rubra.
Latitude -36.3356000000
Longitude 146.1586000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim coordinate system degrees minutes seconds
Verbatim locality Warby Ranges, western slopes. Headwater of Gnarite Ck, 4.5 km WNW of Mt Warby. AMG 55: 4245 59785
Minimum elevation in metres 280
Maximum elevation in metres 280
Coordinate precision 0.0002780000
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 50.0
Georeference sources R22
Georeference protocol Map
Georeferenced by Walsh, N.G.
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 146° 9' 31" E
Verbatim latitude 36° 20' 8" S

Additional properties

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Min and max altitude reversed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced protocol Passed
    Missing georeferenced sources Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 5 missing properties
    Show/Hide 39 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    CAPAD 2010 Terrestrial Warby-Ovens
    CAPAD 2012 Terrestrial Warby-Ovens
    CAPAD 2014 Terrestrial Warby-Ovens
    CAPAD 2016 Terrestrial Warby-Ovens National Park
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow 3-9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    GER Central Victorial Biolinks GER Central Victorial Biolinks
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Important Bird Areas (IBA) Australia Warby-Chiltern Box-Ironbark Region IBA
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Other minimal uses
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Upland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW2
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) Goulburn-Murray
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units Goulburn-Murray: Shepparton Irrigation Region (GS8)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) Goulburn-Murray: Highlands (GS8b)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW3
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) Northern Victoria
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS5
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Broken
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys BROKEN
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones slopes
    NRM Regions 2010 Goulburn Broken
    NRM Regions 2014 Goulburn Broken
    NRM Regions 2015 Goulburn Broken
    NRM Regions 2017 Goulburn Broken
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Goulburn Broken
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Removed by hot burn
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Removed by hot burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cultivation
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Goulburn Broken
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions NSW South Western Slopes
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Northern Inland Slopes, Upper Slopes
    IBRA 7 Regions NSW South Western Slopes
    IBRA 7 Subregions Inland Slopes
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions BROKEN RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Indi
    Local Government Areas 2011 Benalla (RC)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Benalla Bal
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 BENALLA RURAL CITY
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Bangerang, Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Bangerang, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurung, Waywurru, Yorta Yorta
    National Native Title Register (NNTR, Determinations of Native Title) - boundaries and core attributes Yorta Yorta
    Native Title Determinations (13/7/2020) Yorta Yorta VCD1998/001
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 4
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 589
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) BENALLA REGION
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) WANGARATTA - BENALLA
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) HUME
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) INDI
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) INDI
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) UPPER GOULBURN VALLEY
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) STRATHBOGIE - MANSFIELD - MURIMBINDI
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) MOUNT BRUNO
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NORTHERN VICTORIA
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) NORTHERN VICTORIA
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (VIC.)
    PSMA Wards (2018) BENALLA RURAL CITY
    Statistical Local Areas Benalla (RC) Bal
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Sensitive Data Layers
    Fruit Fly Exclusion Zone - Tri State FFEZ
    Phylloxera Infection Zone - North East, Victoria Phylloxera Infection Zone - North East, Victoria
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Lachlan Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Dg205
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 East Victorian Uplands
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Other special rights, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Eucalypt Medium Woodland
    Land cover Native shrublands and heathlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus woodlands with a tussock grass understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Nature Conservation Reserve
    Vegetation - condition Modified
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present Eucalyptus woodlands

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 1.5791342E7 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.017761087 t/ha
    Potassium 0.029165126 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.8033
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.0357
    Endemism 0.0026099458
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.0027394684
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 7324.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.638586 index
    Species Richness 852.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 1.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.703584
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 32.24 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 45.495 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 29.21 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1783621
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.17688094
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 22.414167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.110833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 28.02002 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.75216657
    Aridity index - month max 1.8859417
    Aridity index - month min 0.17104569
    Evaporation - annual mean 116.37874 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 13207.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 234.93199 mm
    Evaporation - month min 30.356611 mm
    Evaporation - variability 16.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.06 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.26 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 78.813 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 65.55489 %
    Humidity - month max relative 93.67574 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 82.08333 %
    Humidity - month min relative 49.079853 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 49.079853 %
    Precipitation - annual 542.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 617.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 49.179935 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.31641442
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 202.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 34.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 7.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 108.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1041337
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 25.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.10340267
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 115.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 61.453056 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 18.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 203.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 43.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 24.6 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 20.518333 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 14.5 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 7.5075 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 26.900024 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 28.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 2.24 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 2.4 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 8.1 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 13.0 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 19.5 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.46 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 29.57 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.84
    Temperature - warmest month min 13.59 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 30.6 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 21.5 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 8.3 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 129.67935 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 678.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 209.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 33.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 122.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 24.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 127.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 76.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 216.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 141.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 272.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 23.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 75.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 124.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 207.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 45.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 5219.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 295.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 209.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 84.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 1.936595 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.12369317 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 161068.33 m
    Remoteness index 2.708925
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 1121.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 100.0 %
    Runoff - average 82.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 1.9 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 73.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.4 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 15.0 %
    Bulk density 1.5911429 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.0013686 %
    Clay % 43.55 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 111.0 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.61
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.99
    Nutrient status 1.15 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.4 m
    Soil pedality 3.4657142
    Water holding capacity 42000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 0.89052 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 275.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 224.33333 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 320.0 m
    Elevation 238.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 9.223972 degrees
    Topographic relief 88.61891 m
    Topographic slope (%) 5.765404 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2768 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 46.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 13.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 37.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 50.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0132 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.8 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 56.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 7.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.6171 NDVI