Occurrence record: NT D0189797

PreservedSpecimen of Adiantum hispidulum var. hispidulum recorded on 2008-03-15

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution code Department of Land Resource Management
Supplied institution code "DNA"
Collection code Northern Territory Herbarium (Darwin)
Catalog number NT D0189797
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Collector Duguid, A.
Record number 907
Reproductive condition fertile
State conservation Northern Territory: Least Concern
Occurrence status present
Collection code NT
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Typified name Adiantum hispidulum Sw. var. hispidulum

Event

Collecting date 2008-03-15
Supplied date "2008-03-15T00:00:00"
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Adiantum hispidulum var. hispidulum
Supplied scientific name "Adiantum hispidulum Sw. var. hispidulum"
Taxon rank variety
Supplied as "var."
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Family Pteridaceae
Genus Adiantum
Species Adiantum hispidulum
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Canonical name match
The supplied name was parsed into canonical form before a match was found.
Name parse type sciname
Scientific name authorship Sw.

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province Northern Territory
Supplied as: "The Northern Territory"
Locality MacDonnell (S)
Locality Penny Springs;Watarrka N.P.
Latitude -24.28044079
Supplied as: "-24.280440788"
Longitude 131.58508654
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "GDA94"
Coordinate precision Unknown
Georeference protocol gps
Generalised locality PENNY SPRING
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU

Additional properties

abcd concept1433 Uncommon under rock overhang at smallest and most sth-easterly of 3 springs in rocky amphitheatre. Growing with Cyclosorus interruptus;Typha domingensis;Eucalyptus camaldulensis;Macrozamia and Latuca serriola nearby

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Coordinates converted to WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Decimal latitude/longitude conversion failed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing georeferenced protocol Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 10 missing properties
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    CAPAD 2012 Terrestrial Watarrka
    CAPAD 2014 Terrestrial Watarrka
    Collaborative Australian Protected Areas Database (CAPAD) 2010 Watarrka
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Great Sandy-Tanami-Central Ranges Desert
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Nature conservation
    NRM Regions Northern Territory
    NRM Regions 2014 Northern Territory
    NRM Regions 2015 Northern Territory
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Lake Eyre Basin
    IBRA 6 Regions MacDonnell Ranges
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions MacDonnell Ranges P2
    IBRA 7 Regions MacDonnell Ranges
    IBRA 7 Subregions Watarrka
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Central Ranges Xeric Scrub
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Remote rangelands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Desert, supporting very little plant growth due to water limitation
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Grassland: hot (persistently dry)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Grassland
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Hummock grassland (semi-arid/arid)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Tanami-Timor Sea Coast
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 VICTORIA RIVER-WISO
    River Regions VICTORIA RIVER-WISO
    Marine
    States including coastal waters Northern Territory (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Northern Territory
    Australian States and Territories Northern Territory
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Lingiari
    Indigenous Land Use Agreements Watarrka National Park and Leaseback Area ILUA
    LGA Boundaries (deprecated) Petermann-Simpson
    Local Government Areas MacDonnell (S)
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) LINGIARI
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NAMATJIRA
    Statistical Local Areas MacDonnell (S)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Amadeus Region
    Surface Geology of Australia -COsl
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Central Australian Ranges Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Central Ranges
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Indigenous managed, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Native grasslands and minimally modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Open Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus low open woodlands with hummock grass
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Leasehold
    Vegetation - condition Residual
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt open woodlands
    Vegetation types - present Eucalyptus open woodlands

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Beef numbers 944836.0 dse
    Dairy numbers 0.0 dse
    Natural resource management expenditure 1.0309905E7 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 0.0 $/ha
    Sheep numbers 0.0 dse
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.8951
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.3585
    Endemism 0.008774418
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.009007312
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.2564
    Migratory species (2008) 2.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 78.82716 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 3.2444541 index
    Species Richness 9.0617285 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.08383461
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 0.13614535
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.020087885
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 264.16165 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 408.25 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 117.96 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.05 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.05 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 47.11981 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 58.63251 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 39.445965 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 22.235832 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 3.52 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.78033257
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.37389246 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.5444193 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 4.098262
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.27638286
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season 2.9921205
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 43.23 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -241.92583 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -368.66 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min -103.659996 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 28.69 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 22.3 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 14.68 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 31.455 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 16.21 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 32.380005 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 6.39 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 22.28 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 4.4100037 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 4.6400146 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 16.630005 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 15.245 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -5.1799927 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -5.220001 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 14.189972 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 38.77 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 23.81 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.10398021
    Aridity index - month max 0.1938861
    Aridity index - month min 0.052045986
    Evaporation - annual mean 234.56616 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 7101.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 380.03238 mm
    Evaporation - month min 103.2336 mm
    Evaporation - variability 47.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.06 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.06 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.05 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 61.815372 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 46.58608 %
    Humidity - month max relative 79.70513 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 57.80431 %
    Humidity - month min relative 38.940105 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 38.940105 %
    Precipitation - annual 261.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 325.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index 0.17543715
    Precipitation - annual mean 23.455717 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 1.1964575
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 2.210103
    Precipitation - autumn 70.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 11.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 45.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 10.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 1.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 27.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.8734558
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.38709664 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.5514205 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 55.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 2.9462996
    Precipitation - spring 61.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season -0.032156575
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.14258237
    Precipitation - spring reliability 17.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 110.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season 0.29112878
    Precipitation - summer or winter season 1.895826
    Precipitation - summer reliability 12.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 130.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 42.5607 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 13.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 141.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 37.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 6.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -211.11044 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -337.47168 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min -85.6729 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 22.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 15.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 19.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 28.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 14.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 28.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 22.270327 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 14.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 22.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 27.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 26.1 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 29.564999 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 22.3 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 14.2575 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 36.78958 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 33.0 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.56 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.8 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 13.9 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 20.41 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 15.0 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 16.3 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.45 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 45.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 4.48999 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 4.119995 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 16.610016 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min -1.2522913 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 15.307503 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -5.034304 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -5.7700195 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -5.3599854 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 13.73999 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 37.28 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 41.989723 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 2.08
    Temperature - warmest month min 22.0 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 37.9 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 29.4 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 28.9 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 1.4049916 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 1.6265111 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 2.5908918 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 2.5908918 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.41515684 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.71316797 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 130.52158 km/day
    Wind run - month max 160.74026 km/day
    Wind run - month min 99.34393 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 2.85 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 2.3456354 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 3.25 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 3.2 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 3.3 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 3.3 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 2.6 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 1.4 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 1.4 m/s
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 331.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 49.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 14.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 43.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 38.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 120.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 46.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 127.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 205.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 331.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 29.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 121.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 159.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 141.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 48.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 6109.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 360.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 277.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 268.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.089999996 degrees
    Distance - to coast 7.192274 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.089999996 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 1.1182575 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 782090.6 m
    Remoteness index 17.379284
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 40.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 322.0 %
    Runoff - average 410.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Age 28.0 years
    Age - prime group 37.2 Count
    Disadvantaged 944.49 points (mean=1000)
    Education - degrees 8.0 %
    Education - vocational training 19.8 %
    Employment 4.7 %
    Home ownership 12.5 %
    Income - high 26.9 %
    Income - low 5.5 %
    Internet 32.3 %
    Population - change -11.0 count
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 0.0 people/km^2
    Unemployment rate 1.7 %
    Work force - older 17.7 Count
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.08383461
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.13614535
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.020087885
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 327.835 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 199.32648 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 68.65326 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 7.545115
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 12.253081
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 1.8079096
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 21.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.5 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 5.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies -1077.962 Gal
    Bulk density 1.5 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic 0.13678028 %
    Carbon store pre-European 13.50525 kgC/ha
    Clay % 5.0 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.10398021
    Crop factor - month max 0.1938861
    Crop factor - month min 0.052045986
    Erodibility 14.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 100.0 %
    Erosivity 867.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 299.99985 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 9.999995
    Lithology - age range 98.3 my
    Lithology - fertility 4.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 490.575 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 2.6907055 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 1.9925535 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 94.0 nT
    Moisture - average 31.0 %
    Moisture - variability 19.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.12
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.14
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 0.2
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.17
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.03
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.06
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 41.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.12
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 975.8115 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 39.73424 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 18.07302 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 0.0
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 3.300745 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 201.85161 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 7.256816 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 0.2 m
    Soil pedality 2.0
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 3.0
    Topographic wetness index 5.644264
    Unreliable water retention parameters 0.0
    Water deficit - month max 299.46844 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 180.93018 mm
    Water deficit - month min 73.11044 mm
    Water holding capacity 21000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 21.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -1.5 MPa
    Water potential - month max -1.5 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 9.358219
    Water stress index - month max 17.449749
    Water stress index - month min 4.684139
    Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.85327 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 224.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 194.625 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 663.0 m
    Elevation 727.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.0
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.0265875 degrees
    Topographic relief 106.0908 m
    Topographic roughness 4.514364 %
    Topographic slope (%) 5.880162 %
    Valley bottom % 0.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.0
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.117 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 16.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 46.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 43.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 10.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0045 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.2 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 19.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 1.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2605 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 107.22222 Day