Occurrence record: MEL 2067284A

PreservedSpecimen of Carduus nutans recorded on 1919-10-01

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 2067284A
Occurrence ID d53be95a-6373-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet - 1
Collector Williamson, H.B.
Collecting number s.n.
Reproductive condition flowers
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Establishment means introduced
Occurrence status present
Identification verification status verified
Identification ID df017f15-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 1919-10-01
Supplied date "1919-10"
Date precision Day
Event ID 1e9c7d6a-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Taxonomy

Scientific name Carduus nutans
Supplied scientific name "Carduus nutans subsp. nutans"
Taxon rank species
Supplied as "subspecies"
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae
Genus Carduus
Species Carduus nutans
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Higher taxon match
The match is based on the higher level classification.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Infraspecific epithet nutans
Scientific name authorship L.
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area Greater Geelong (C)
Locality Foreshore, Geelong.
Latitude -38.1666667
Longitude 144.3500000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Verbatim locality Foreshore, Geelong.
Coordinate precision 0.0166666667
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Georeference sources P12
Georeferenced by National Herbarium of Victoria
Location ID 929b0292-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 144° 21' E
Verbatim latitude 38° 10' S

Additional properties

recorded by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q20016691

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Coordinate precision not valid Failed
    Incomplete collection date Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced sources Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 6 missing properties
    Show/Hide 39 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow less than 3 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Marine Southern Australian Marine
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Urban intensive uses
    NRM Regions 2010 Corangamite
    NRM Regions 2014 Corangamite
    NRM Regions 2015 Corangamite
    NRM Regions 2017 Corangamite
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Corangamite
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Removed by cool burn
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Removed by cool burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Corangamite
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Bass Strait Drainages
    IBRA 6 Regions South East Coastal Plain
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Otway Plain
    IBRA 7 Regions South East Coastal Plain
    IBRA 7 Subregions Otway Plain
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Urban
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (warm summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (Victoria)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 BARWON RIVER-LAKE CORANGAMITE
    River Regions BARWON RIVER-LAKE CORANGAMITE
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Corangamite
    Local Government Areas 2011 Greater Geelong (C)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated South Barwon - Inner
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 GREATER GEELONG CITY
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 27
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 2415
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) BELMONT
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) GEELONG
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) GEELONG
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) CORANGAMITE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) CORIO
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) GEELONG - QUEENSCLIFF
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) GEELONG - QUEENSCLIFF
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) BELMONT
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Major Cities of Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) MAJOR URBAN
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) 100,000 TO 249,999
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) GEELONG
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) WESTERN VICTORIA
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) WESTERN VICTORIA
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) GEELONG
    PSMA Wards (2018) KARDINIA WARD
    Statistical Local Areas South Barwon - Inner
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Otway Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qrc
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 West Victorian Plains
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Built-up
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Other Crown Land
    Vegetation - condition Removed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 9808116.0 $
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.9154
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.9992
    Endemism 0.018973764
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.02245791
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 12.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 172224.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 4.7319446 index
    Species Richness 2665.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 15.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.47009328
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 44.23 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 40.358334 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 28.96 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.2831492
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.2806299
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 20.4275 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 10.455833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 19.77002 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.6095513
    Aridity index - month max 1.264045
    Aridity index - month min 0.17307493
    Evaporation - annual mean 105.32849 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 12117.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 196.4467 mm
    Evaporation - month min 35.6 mm
    Evaporation - variability 12.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.27 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 85.08625 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 76.22047 %
    Humidity - month max relative 94.876305 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 83.51826 %
    Humidity - month min relative 68.9456 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 68.9456 %
    Precipitation - annual 550.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 541.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 46.416668 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.12547529
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 141.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 34.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 7.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 104.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.2403101
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 18.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.23846154
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 109.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 58.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 14.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 165.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 15.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 45.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.1 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 18.4725 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 14.4 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 9.093333 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 18.800018 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 19.8 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 5.28 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 5.4 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 10.2 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 9.7 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 18.5 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.49 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 23.76 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.17
    Temperature - warmest month min 13.26 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 25.2 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 18.8 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 13.1 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 251.39792 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 553.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 142.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 36.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 112.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 14.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 112.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 57.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 162.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 144.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 190.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 56.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 101.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 94.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 188.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 49.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3358.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 246.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 188.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 120.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.01 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.03162277 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.17999999 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.01 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 3218.7861 m
    Remoteness index 0.1
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 1149.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 89.0 %
    Runoff - average 377.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 430.12296 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 79.80473
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 81.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.3 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 20.0 %
    Bulk density 1.5961765 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic -0.43538195 %
    Clay % 46.7 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 27.25 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.53
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.84
    Nutrient status 1.6 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.8 m
    Soil pedality 3.71
    Water holding capacity 45000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.1836 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 155.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 110.625 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 18.0 m
    Elevation 33.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.61908054 degrees
    Topographic relief 30.28254 m
    Topographic slope (%) 1.798383 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2865 EVI
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 22.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 20.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 58.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    NDVI Mean 40.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 0.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.525 NDVI