Occurrence record: NSW1055873

Preserved specimen of Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. | Creeping Pear recorded on 2018-09-18
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Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource NSW AVH feed
Institution code The Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust
Supplied institution code "NSW"
Collection National Herbarium of New South Wales
Supplied collection code "NSW"
Catalog number NSW1055873
Occurrence ID NSW:NSW:NSW1055873
Record type Preserved specimen
Supplied basis "PreservedSpecimen"
Preparations sheet
Identified by ["Cherry, W.A."]
Identified date 2018-09-18
Collector ["Primary","Secondary"]
Supplied as "primary | secondary"
Record number 763
Reproductive condition buds
License UNSPECIFIED
Establishment means {"concept": "Introduced", "lineage": ["Introduced"]}
Supplied as introduced
Presence/Absence PRESENT
Supplied as present
Disposition in collection
Occurrence remarks Low spreading succulent to 10 cms. Plants spreading via a large fleshy subterranean tuber. Pads obovate with large spines. Buds beginning to form.
Date identified 2018-09-18

Event

Occurrence date 2018-09-18
Date precision DAY

Taxonomy

Higher classification (Raf.) Raf.
Scientific name Opuntia humifusa
Supplied scientific name "Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf."
Identified to rank species
Common name Creeping Pear
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Caryophyllales
Family Cactaceae
Genus Opuntia
Species Opuntia humifusa
Name match metric exactMatch
Scientific name authorship (Raf.) Raf.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Nomenclatural code ICN
Verbatim taxon rank species

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Locality Warkworth. Along Jerry Plains Road. Approximately 650 metres south of Cockfighter bridge.
Habitat
Supplied as "Open woodland on alluvial sand deposit. Canopy dominated by Banksia integrifolia, Angophora floribunda and Eucalyptus tereticornis. Understorey open and sparse with few shrubs, mainly composed of Pimelea linifolia, Chrysocephalum apiculatum, Pteridium sp., Acacia sp., and Brachyloma daphnoides. Groundcover open with high amounts of leaf litter, characterised by Cheilanthes sieberi, Opuntia humifusa, Imperata cylindrica, Lomandra sp., and oxalis perennans."
Latitude -32.57151699914355
Supplied as: "-32.5715169"
Longitude 151.021282
Supplied as: "151.0212819"
Datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "EPSG:4283"
Verbatim coordinate system Decimal Degrees
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty (in metres) 10.0
Georeference sources Google Maps
County North Coast
Terrestrial true
Elevation 63 m
Verbatim latitude 32.571517 S
Biome TERRESTRIAL
Marine false
Country Code AU
Verbatim longitude 151.021282 E
Verbatim SRS EPSG:4326
Verbatim coordinates 32.571517 S, 151.021282 E

User flagged issues 

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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow greater than 9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Equal 3-9 and greater than 9 months
    GER Hunter Valley GER Hunter Valley
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Hunter Analysis Mask GER Hunter Analysis Mask
    Hunter Areas Of Interest Mid Valley
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Other minimal uses
    NRM Regions 2010 Hunter-Central Rivers
    NRM Regions 2014 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2015 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Hunter
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) Other cultivation
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) Other cultivation
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Hunter
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Hunter
    IBRA 7 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 7 Subregions Hunter
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated rangelands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Cooler end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates��
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: moderately dry winter (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture (tropical and subtropical)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 HUNTER RIVER
    River Regions HUNTER RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Hunter
    Local Government Areas 2011 Singleton (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Singleton
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 SINGLETON COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Hunter
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 14
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 1302
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) SINGLETON REGION
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) LOWER HUNTER
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) HUNTER VALLEY EXC NEWCASTLE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) HUNTER
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) HUNTER
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) SINGLETON
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) SINGLETON
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NSW CENTRAL AND NORTH COAST
    PSMA Localities (2018) WARKWORTH
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (NSW)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (NSW)
    Statistical Local Areas Singleton (A)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Sydney Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Pow
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Macquarie Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Hunter Valley
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Other native forest
    Forests of Australia 2018B Eucalypt Medium Open
    IGBP Land Cover vegetation classification scheme (2011) Woody savannas
    Land cover Native grasslands and minimally modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 8673855.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.018088 t/ha
    Potassium 0.086121 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.0453
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.8045
    Endemism 0.0031798228
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.0034327777
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.4792
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 11876.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.934195 index
    Species Richness 1041.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.41609943
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 57.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 51.506668 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 25.74 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.91513824
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.09210533
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 26.3275 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 12.176666 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 27.579987 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.428882
    Aridity index - month max 0.77486163
    Aridity index - month min 0.2916693
    Evaporation - annual mean 136.65767 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 15923.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 235.18419 mm
    Evaporation - month min 60.65599 mm
    Evaporation - variability 18.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.15 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.3 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.11 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 78.75922 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 62.380646 %
    Humidity - month max relative 87.10428 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 72.50098 %
    Humidity - month min relative 53.489212 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 53.489212 %
    Precipitation - annual 653.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 665.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 54.083332 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.61445785
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 102.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 35.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 7.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 101.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.9868421
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 33.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.013245033
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 236.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 83.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 21.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 241.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 17.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 31.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.7 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 24.175833 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 17.9 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 11.0125 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 25.404572 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 27.5 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.45 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 11.7 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 13.9 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 11.8 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.51 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 30.42 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.64
    Temperature - warmest month min 17.03 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 31.6 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 23.9 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 23.5 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 142.98813 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 662.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 106.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 26.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 99.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 36.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 244.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 101.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 244.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 177.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 268.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 39.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 115.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 136.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 124.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 50.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4701.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 307.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 235.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 235.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.7981228 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.014142135 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 38655.805 m
    Remoteness index 2.384606
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 221.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 197.0 %
    Runoff - average 419.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.26455027 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 4.5 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 58.664886
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 59.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.6 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 20.0 %
    Bulk density 1.6175294 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.0266242 %
    Clay % 41.07353 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 13.125 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.43
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.55
    Nutrient status 1.25 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.9 m
    Soil pedality 3.2435293
    Water holding capacity 44000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 69.73755
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.46917 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 136.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 118.75 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 54.0 m
    Elevation 62.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.77888066 degrees
    Topographic relief 15.70952 m
    Topographic slope (%) 0.7132189 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3044 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 49.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 15.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 28.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 57.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0268 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 1.2 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 57.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 6.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.6171 NDVI