Occurrence record: HO101323

PreservedSpecimen of Themeda triandra | Kangaroo grass recorded on 1985-04-28

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource HO AVH data
Institution code Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery
Supplied institution code "HO"
Collection code Tasmanian Herbarium
Catalog number HO101323
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Collector Badman, F.J.
Record number 1693
License CC-BY 3.0 (Au)
Occurrence remarks Uncommon
Occurrence status present
Collection code HO
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided

Event

Collecting date 1985-04-28
Date precision Day
Verbatim event date 28 Apr 1985

Taxonomy

Scientific name Themeda triandra
Supplied scientific name "Themeda triandra Forssk."
Taxon rank species
Common name Kangaroo grass
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Themeda
Species Themeda triandra
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed
Scientific name authorship Forssk.

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province South Australia
Locality Unincorporated SA
Locality Eringa Waterhole, Lindsay Creek, Hamilton Station
Habitat Rocky creek bed
Latitude -26.28197
Supplied as: "-26.283333"
Longitude 134.71767
Supplied as: "134.716667"
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "unknown"
Verbatim locality Eringa Waterhole, Lindsay Creek, Hamilton Station
Coordinate precision 0.016667
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 1000.0
Verbatim SRS AGM66
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU

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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Central Australian Freshwater
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Grazing of native pastures
    NRM Regions 2010 South Australian Arid Lands
    NRM Regions 2014 South Australian Arid Lands
    NRM Regions 2015 South Australian Arid Lands
    NRM Regions 2017 South Australian Arid Lands
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Lake Eyre Basin
    IBRA 6 Regions Stony Plains
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Breakaways, Stony Plains
    IBRA 7 Regions Stony Plains
    IBRA 7 Subregions Witjira
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Tirari-Sturt Stony Desert
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Remote rangelands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Desert, supporting very little plant growth due to water limitation
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Desert: hot (persistently dry)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Desert
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Chenopod shrubland (semi-arid/arid)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Lake Eyre Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DIAMANTINA-GEORGINA RIVERS
    River Regions DIAMANTINA-GEORGINA RIVERS
    Marine
    States including coastal waters South Australia (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Grey
    Indigenous Land Use Agreements Eringa People - Eringa/Hamilton Pastoral ILUA
    Local Government Areas 2011 Unincorporated SA
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Unincorp. Far North
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 PASTORAL UNINCORPORATED AREA
    National Native Title Register (NNTR, Determinations of Native Title) - boundaries and core attributes Eringa
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 73
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 505
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF SA
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) OUTBACK
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) OUTBACK - NORTH AND EAST
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) SOUTH AUSTRALIA - OUTBACK
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) GREY
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) GREY
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) EYRE
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) LAKE EYRE - LAKE TORRENS
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) PORT AUGUSTA
    PSMA Localities (2018) ERINGA
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Very Remote Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (SA)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) GILES
    PSMA States (2016) SOUTH AUSTRALIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (SA)
    Statistical Local Areas Unincorp. Far North
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Eromanga Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qrc
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Central Lowlands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Oodnadatta Tablelands
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Native forests and woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus woodlands with a shrubby understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Leasehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present Eucalyptus woodlands

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Beef numbers 1327439.0 dse
    Dairy numbers 0.0 dse
    Natural resource management expenditure 1911830.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 0.0 $/ha
    Sheep numbers 464960.0 dse
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.4509
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 1.9995
    Endemism 0.0035658819
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.0045934175
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.2564
    Migratory species (2008) 2.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 14.802469 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 3.202445 index
    Species Richness 3.8765433 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.061786912
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 0.12921478
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.02598848
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 255.85126 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 426.37 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 97.85 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 47.24822 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 59.788345 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 38.293324 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 15.123333 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 3.97 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.6763006
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.69450194 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.1077278 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 4.0993624
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.46217334
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season 2.9642549
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 44.99 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -240.72792 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -398.53 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min -87.369995 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 29.68 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 22.056667 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 13.6 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 30.9175 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 15.821667 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 32.569977 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 6.52 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 21.21 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 4.4299927 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 4.25 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 16.420013 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 15.095833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -5.6600037 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -4.9799805 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 13.820007 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 39.09 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 23.86 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.058232598
    Aridity index - month max 0.1058607
    Aridity index - month min 0.026604047
    Evaporation - annual mean 277.9113 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 3808.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 458.01303 mm
    Evaporation - month min 113.356514 mm
    Evaporation - variability 37.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 60.49611 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 46.78806 %
    Humidity - month max relative 78.80963 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 59.472675 %
    Humidity - month min relative 37.732723 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 37.732723 %
    Precipitation - annual 171.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 212.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index 0.115740985
    Precipitation - annual mean 14.5 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.6268657
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 1.6363636
    Precipitation - autumn 44.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 6.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 33.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 8.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 1.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 24.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.6888889
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.22580644 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.27205253 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 69.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 2.0625
    Precipitation - spring 30.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season -0.10471239
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.4375
    Precipitation - spring reliability 15.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 65.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season 0.2025407
    Precipitation - summer or winter season 1.030303
    Precipitation - summer reliability 12.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 96.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 25.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 14.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 98.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 32.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 14.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -263.4113 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -434.01303 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min -101.356514 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 22.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 14.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 18.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 29.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 13.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 29.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 22.141666 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 13.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 26.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 27.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 27.5 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 28.354166 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 21.9 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 13.526667 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 34.600006 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 33.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.56 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 5.1 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 13.6 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 18.99 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 14.9 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 15.7 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.45 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 49.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 4.3200073 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 4.2099915 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 15.920013 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min 0.38042665 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 14.827504 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -3.0 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -5.299988 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -5.25 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 13.410004 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 36.54 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 44.31974 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 2.14
    Temperature - warmest month min 21.78 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 38.4 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 29.7 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 29.7 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 1.175188 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 1.3976476 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 2.4058332 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 2.4058332 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.22145522 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.51321566 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 204.48935 km/day
    Wind run - month max 251.4624 km/day
    Wind run - month min 147.77943 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 3.6575372 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 3.65 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 4.45 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 4.0 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 4.9 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 4.9 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 3.3 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 2.0 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 2.0 m/s
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 160.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 29.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 6.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 22.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 38.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 59.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 22.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 62.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 217.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 324.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 52.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 134.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 153.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 153.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 47.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 6185.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 376.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 292.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 284.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 5.90526 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.0 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 855432.75 m
    Remoteness index 17.269785
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 47.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 427.0 %
    Runoff - average 698.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Age 38.7 years
    Age - prime group 29.5 Count
    Disadvantaged 811.692 points (mean=1000)
    Education - degrees 4.6 %
    Education - vocational training 24.7 %
    Employment 37.3 %
    Home ownership 34.5 %
    Income - high 30.1 %
    Income - low 18.6 %
    Internet 27.4 %
    Population - change -50.8 count
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 0.0 people/km^2
    Unemployment rate 3.7 %
    Work force - older 30.3 Count
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.061786912
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.12921478
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.02598848
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 277.44138 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 115.43261 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 22.943434 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 5.560822
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 11.62933
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 2.338963
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 70.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.48 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 38.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies -462.1951 Gal
    Bulk density 1.5336894 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic 0.031744376 %
    Carbon store pre-European 3.187291 kgC/ha
    Clay % 45.93494 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.058232598
    Crop factor - month max 0.1058607
    Crop factor - month min 0.026604047
    Erodibility 97.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 50.0 %
    Erosivity 421.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 2.6625 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 65.5 my
    Lithology - fertility 2.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 32.75 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 1.5152113 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 1.8162413 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 53.0 nT
    Moisture - average 28.0 %
    Moisture - variability 15.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.07
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.09
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 0.16
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.1
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.03
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.04
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 49.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.08
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 244.9864 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 35.16689 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 9.54146 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 2.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 4.207971
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 1.613779 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 56.62763 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 5.947893 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 0.7 m
    Soil pedality 4.207971
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 3.0
    Topographic wetness index 9.175463
    Unreliable water retention parameters 43.75
    Water deficit - month max 282.0055 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 128.13622 mm
    Water deficit - month min 35.634193 mm
    Water holding capacity 15000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 73.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -1.5 MPa
    Water potential - month max -1.5 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 5.240934
    Water stress index - month max 9.527463
    Water stress index - month min 2.3943644
    Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.65124 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 242.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 30.916666 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 228.0 m
    Elevation 233.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.8238315
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.40325993 degrees
    Topographic relief 23.27104 m
    Topographic roughness 2.733503 %
    Topographic slope (%) 1.605706 %
    Valley bottom % 12.5 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.6502296
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.1188 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 15.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 41.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 52.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 7.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.005 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.2 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 19.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 1.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.1977 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 108.55556 Day