Occurrence record: NSW 23800

PreservedSpecimen of Podocarpus spinulosus recorded on 1881-10-01

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution code The Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust
Supplied institution code "NSW"
Collection code National Herbarium of New South Wales
Catalog number NSW 23800
Occurrence ID NSW:NSW:NSW 23800
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Collector Betche, E.
Reproductive condition flowers
License CC-BY 3.0 (Au)
Establishment means native
Occurrence status present
Supplied as Present
Collection code NSW
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided

Event

Collecting date 1881-10-01
Supplied date "1881-10"
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Podocarpus spinulosus
Supplied scientific name "Podocarpus spinulosus (Sm.) R.Br. ex Mirb."
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Pinales
Family Podocarpaceae
Genus Podocarpus
Species Podocarpus spinulosus
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed
Scientific name authorship (Sm.) R.Br. ex Mirb.

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province New South Wales
Locality North Sydney (A)
Locality Port Jackson.
Latitude -33.8200000000
Longitude 151.2300000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim locality Port Jackson.
Coordinate precision Unknown
Verbatim coordinates 33,49,,S,151,14,,E,
Biome Terrestrial

Additional properties

Type PhysicalObject

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Incomplete collection date Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Show/Hide 12 missing properties
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Urban intensive uses
    NRM Regions Sydney Metro
    NRM Regions 2014 Greater Sydney
    NRM Regions 2015 Greater Sydney
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Pittwater
    IBRA 7 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 7 Subregions Pittwater
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Urban
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Cooler end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates��
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 SYDNEY COAST-GEORGES RIVER
    River Regions SYDNEY COAST-GEORGES RIVER
    Marine
    Global Seagrass Species Richness (2003) 5.00000000
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Warringah
    LGA Boundaries (deprecated) North Sydney
    Local Government Areas North Sydney (A)
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Greater Sydney
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) NORTH SYDNEY
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    Statistical Local Areas North Sydney (A)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Sensitive Data Layers
    Phylloxera Infection Zone - Sydney, New South Wales Sydney Phylloxera Zone
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Macquarie Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Hawkesbury-Shoalhaven Plateaus
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Built-up
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Bare
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt open forests
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 1960032.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 1.0 $/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.3738
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 5.2691
    Endemism 0.110886544
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.09258919
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.6148
    Migratory species (2008) 6.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 530.37036 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.6696196 index
    Species Richness 59.901234 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 11.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.79571456
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.507896
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.34028345
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 135.0825 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 208.15 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 66.49 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.29 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.58 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.22 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 73.77123 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 76.1719 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 70.38987 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 94.45417 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 49.82 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.59426194
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.6483871 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.3561935 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 1.457329
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.6796317
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season 0.45529678
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 133.74 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -40.628334 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -137.31999 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 37.71 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 25.0 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 16.441666 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 8.47 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 23.7375 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 14.299167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 19.690002 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 8.33 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 18.24 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 2.3200073 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 2.6600037 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 11.029999 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.438339 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -3.039978 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -2.9299927 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 8.050018 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 28.02 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 19.69 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.91867405
    Aridity index - month max 2.1089673
    Aridity index - month min 0.42517546
    Evaporation - annual mean 127.90588 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 23771.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 197.58516 mm
    Evaporation - month min 62.59847 mm
    Evaporation - variability 11.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.22 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.6 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.15 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 79.81532 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 73.13513 %
    Humidity - month max relative 85.44755 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 75.9507 %
    Humidity - month min relative 69.65588 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 69.65588 %
    Precipitation - annual 1174.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1211.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index 0.008793119
    Precipitation - annual mean 101.1888 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.057721607
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 1.0578195
    Precipitation - autumn 372.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 33.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 267.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 65.00977 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 15.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 219.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.63270175
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.9032258 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.8519019 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 25.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 1.0866163
    Precipitation - spring 235.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season -0.083429314
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.5780744
    Precipitation - spring reliability 39.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 315.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season 0.014593336
    Precipitation - summer or winter season 0.08631866
    Precipitation - summer reliability 39.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 344.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 138.01672 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 33.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 396.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 289.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 23.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -26.717085 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -113.5768 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min 69.41966 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 9.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 13.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 25.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 8.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 24.30014 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 16.299873 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 8.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 35.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 21.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 16.5 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 21.579166 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 17.8 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 12.035 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 20.899017 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 19.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 6.19 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 7.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 13.0 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 16.4 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 9.3 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 14.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.47 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 42.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 2.25 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 2.8900146 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 10.77002 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min 3.4122024 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.544169 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -0.9285714 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -3.0299988 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -3.1400146 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 8.25 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 25.78 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 35.456844 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.25
    Temperature - warmest month min 17.41 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 26.9 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 22.3 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 20.8 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.28430262 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.40497884 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 0.51155186 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 0.51155186 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.090816736 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.29143655 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 275.78934 km/day
    Wind run - month max 304.01666 km/day
    Wind run - month min 244.80313 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 5.891664 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 4.2333493 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 5.800042 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 6.900028 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 4.700056 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 6.900028 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 5.000028 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 3.800028 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 3.800028 m/s
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.07 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.04 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.20124611 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.07 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 3678.5444 m
    Remoteness index 0.0
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 1931.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 98.0 %
    Runoff - average 5076.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Disadvantaged 1121.0812 points (mean=1000)
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.7545312
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.9
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.34028345
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 82.912125 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 20.2078 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -0.947707 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -0.07835253 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 67.90781
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 80.99999
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 30.625513
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 132.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.5 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 5.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies 413.1401 Gal
    Bulk density 1.3318447 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic 0.7366038 %
    Carbon store pre-European 73.28793 kgC/ha
    Clay % 17.031553 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.8163748
    Crop factor - month max 0.9
    Crop factor - month min 0.42517546
    Erodibility 25.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 100.0 %
    Erosivity 4107.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 55.454544 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 8.0 my
    Lithology - fertility 2.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 241.0 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 2.3820171 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.90309 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 62.0 nT
    Moisture - average 56.0 %
    Moisture - variability 11.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.82
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.37
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.54
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 23.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.59
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 5887.854 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 40.72129 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 132.2767 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 1.8737864
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 24.29063 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 1207.374 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 7.477851 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 1.1 m
    Soil pedality 1.8737864
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 2.0
    Topographic wetness index 4.718597
    Unreliable water retention parameters 0.0
    Water deficit - month max 71.50995 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 12.16706 mm
    Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 147.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -0.6832124 MPa
    Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 73.473724
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Water stress index - month min 38.26579
    Water surplus - annual mean 1.6600647 mm
    Water surplus - month max 15.843262 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 3.16279 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 158.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 117.625 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 39.0 m
    Elevation 12.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.0
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 5.3893394 degrees
    Topographic relief 52.49592 m
    Topographic roughness 30.92956 %
    Topographic slope (%) 3.19804 %
    Valley bottom % 0.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.0
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2652 EVI
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 69.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 31.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    NDVI Mean 50.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 9.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.489 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 32.555557 Day