Occurrence record: MEL 2361379A

Specimen of Billardiera macrantha recorded on 2009-02-28

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution code Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection code National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalog number MEL 2361379A
Occurrence ID 214b576c-cb17-11e1-904e-005056b0018f
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet
Identified by Hosking, J.R.
Identified date 2009-04-20
Collector Hosking, J.R.
Record number 3213
Reproductive condition fruit
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Previous identifications Billardiera macrantha Hook.f., Hosking J.R., 2009
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Establishment means native
Occurrence remarks Occasional (4 plants seen, also seen near Gummi Falls camping area in Barrington Tops State Conservation Area at this time).
Occurrence status present
Date identified 2009-04-20
Identification ID 4702019d-1abd-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Occurrence date 2009-02-28
Supplied as year:2009  month:2  day:28 
Date precision Day
Start day of year 59
Event ID 813490a3-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Taxonomy

Higher classification Plantae | Viridaeplantae | Streptophyta | Equisetopsida | Magnoliidae | Asteranae | Apiales | Pittosporaceae | Billardiera
Scientific name Billardiera macrantha
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Apiales
Family Pittosporaceae
Genus Billardiera
Species Billardiera macrantha
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship Hook.f.
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Higher geography Oceania | Australia
Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Locality Dungog (A)
Locality Alongside track to Carey’s Peak lookout, Barrington Tops National Park.
Habitat Aspect: ~4 degree slope. Soil type: skeletal red brown loam. Eucalyptus pauciflora Sieber ex Spreng. shrubby open forest with Tasmannia purpurascens (Vickery) A.C.Sm., Ozothamnus argophyllus (A.Cunn. ex DC.) Anderberg (J.R.Hosking 3129), Acrothamnus hookeri (Sond.) Quinn, Acacia dealbata Link, Poa sieberiana Spreng. s.lat., Dichelachne inaequiglumis (Hack. ex Cheeseman) Edgar & Connor, Smilax australis R.Br., Pteridium esculentum (G.Forst.) Cockayne and Pterostylis abrupta D.L.Jones.
Latitude -32.0530556000
Longitude 151.4555556000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "epsg:4326"
Verbatim coordinate system degrees minutes decimal seconds
Verbatim locality Alongside track to Carey’s Peak lookout, Barrington Tops National Park.
Minimum elevation in meters 1544
Maximum elevation in meters 1544
Coordinate precision 0.0002777778
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 50.0
Georeference protocol GPS
Georeferenced by Hosking, J.R.
Verbatim SRS epsg:4326
Georeferenced date 2009-02-28
Supplied as 2009-02-28 00:00:00.0
Location ID be9a638e-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da
Continent Oceania
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 151° 27' 20" E
Verbatim latitude 32° 3' 11" S

Additional properties

identified by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q21516084
recorded by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q21516084

User flagged issues 

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    Georeferenced after occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Min and max altitude reversed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced protocol Passed
    Missing georeference date Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 4 missing properties
    Show/Hide 35 tests that have not been run

    Outlier information  

    This record has been detected as an outlier using the Reverse Jackknife algorithm for the following layers:

    More information on the data quality work being undertaken by the Atlas is available here:

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    CAPAD 2010 Terrestrial Barrington Tops
    CAPAD 2012 Terrestrial Barrington Tops
    CAPAD 2014 Terrestrial Barrington Tops
    CAPAD 2016 Terrestrial Barrington Tops
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No practices
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No practices
    GER Hunter Valley GER Hunter Valley
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Important Bird Areas (IBA) Australia Barrington Tops & Gloucester Tops IBA
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Nature conservation
    NRM Regions 2010 Hunter-Central Rivers
    NRM Regions 2014 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2015 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Hunter
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No practices reported
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No practices reported
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Hunter
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions NSW North Coast
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Barrington
    IBRA 7 Regions NSW North Coast
    IBRA 7 Subregions Barrington
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Wild woodlands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (mild summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Eucalypt woodland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 HUNTER RIVER
    River Regions HUNTER RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Paterson
    Local Government Areas 2011 Dungog (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Dungog
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 DUNGOG SHIRE COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Hunter
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 0
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 830
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) DUNGOG
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) LOWER HUNTER
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) HUNTER VALLEY EXC NEWCASTLE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) LYNE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) LYNE
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) GLOUCESTER - DUNGOG
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) DUNGOG
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NSW CENTRAL AND NORTH COAST
    PSMA Localities (2018) UPPER ALLYN
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (NSW)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (NSW)
    Statistical Local Areas Dungog (A)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia New England Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Czbcy
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia New England-Moreton Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Liverpool-Barrington Plateaus
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Rainforest
    IGBP Land Cover vegetation classification scheme (2011) Evergreen broadleaf forest
    Land cover Native forests and woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Open Forests
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus open forests with a grassy understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Nature Conservation Reserve
    Vegetation - condition Residual
    Vegetation types - native Rainforests and vine thickets
    Vegetation types - present Rainforest and vine thickets

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 8673855.0 $
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.833
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.4431
    Endemism 0.05060898
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.052797742
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.4792
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 7727.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 6.4147863 index
    Species Richness 1544.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 6.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 1.0814192
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 48.35 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 108.96083 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 64.93 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.8237305
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.2132696
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 17.464167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 7.6016665 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 22.24002 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 1.8734299
    Aridity index - month max 5.233304
    Aridity index - month min 0.76964
    Evaporation - annual mean 93.69014 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 23104.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 172.44191 mm
    Evaporation - month min 31.857035 mm
    Evaporation - variability 4.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.06 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.41 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 84.83397 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 78.10002 %
    Humidity - month max relative 90.843506 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 87.97239 %
    Humidity - month min relative 66.69538 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 66.69538 %
    Precipitation - annual 1298.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1417.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 134.08592 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.14882529
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 305.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 97.85812 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 18.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 272.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.8237054
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 20.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.21338828
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 433.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 169.71754 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 37.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 454.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 31.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 20.9 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 15.580833 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 11.2 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 4.7774997 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 21.914734 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 22.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min -0.78 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 0.8 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 5.6 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 9.6 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 7.5 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.43 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 21.96 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.51
    Temperature - warmest month min 10.43 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 23.0 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 16.6 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 16.1 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 137.30559 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 1344.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 293.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 79.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 255.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 21.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 424.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 161.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 438.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 103.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 227.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min -9.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 45.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 107.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 52.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 47.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4427.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 218.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 158.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 155.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.8080841 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.02 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 51880.82 m
    Remoteness index 6.078057
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 7043.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 26.0 %
    Runoff - average 11272.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 1.4993787 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 160.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.05 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 55.0 %
    Bulk density 1.1755618 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 8.158231 %
    Clay % 51.772472 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 130.76923 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.99
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Nutrient status 1.6 index
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.3 m
    Soil pedality 3.358427
    Water holding capacity 34000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 0.23365 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 209.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 648.5833 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 1534.0 m
    Elevation 1487.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 5.5815816 degrees
    Topographic relief 382.0398 m
    Topographic slope (%) 20.35647 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.4782 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 94.0 %
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0521 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 6.3 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 75.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 15.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.8562 NDVI