Occurrence record: NT D0026311

PreservedSpecimen of Euphorbia cyathophora recorded on 1985-09-13


Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution code Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Supplied institution code "DNA"
Collection code Northern Territory Herbarium (Darwin)
Supplied collection code "NT"
Catalog number NT D0026311
Occurrence ID DNA:NT:NT D0026311
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Collector Wightman, G.
Record number 2261
Reproductive condition fruit
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
State conservation Northern Territory: Least Concern
Establishment means introduced
Occurrence status present


Collecting date 1985-09-13
Supplied date "1985-09-13T00:00:00"
Date precision Day


Scientific name Euphorbia cyathophora
Supplied scientific name "Euphorbia cyathophora Murray"
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Malpighiales
Family Euphorbiaceae
Genus Euphorbia
Species Euphorbia cyathophora
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship Murray


Country Australia
State / Province Northern Territory
Supplied as: "The Northern Territory"
Locality East Arnhem (S)
Locality Yirrkala; Arnhemland
Latitude -12.2496670747
Supplied as: "-12.2496670751"
Longitude 136.88925748
Supplied as: "136.8892574800"
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "EPSG:4283"
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 900.0
Georeference protocol topo
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU

Additional properties

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    Data are generalised Passed
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    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
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    Coordinates are transposed Passed
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    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Australian Tropical Savanna Australian Tropical Savanna
    CAPAD 2010 Terrestrial Dhimurru
    CAPAD 2012 Terrestrial Dhimurru
    CAPAD 2014 Terrestrial Dhimurru
    CAPAD 2016 Terrestrial Dhimurru
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Northern Australia and Trans-Fly Savannas
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Nature conservation
    NRM Regions 2010 Northern Territory
    NRM Regions 2014 Northern Territory
    NRM Regions 2015 Northern Territory
    NRM Regions 2017 Northern Territory
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Northern Territory
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Northern Territory
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Arafura - Carpentaria
    IBRA 6 Regions Arnhem Coast
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Arnhem Coast P3
    IBRA 7 Regions Arnhem Coast
    IBRA 7 Subregions Nhulunbuy
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Arnhem Land Tropical Savanna
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Strongly developed wet and dry seasons with plant growth determined by moisture availability
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria
    States including coastal waters Northern Territory (including Coastal Waters)
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Northern Territory
    Australian States and Territories Northern Territory
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Lingiari
    Indigenous Protected Areas 2013 Dhimurru
    Local Government Areas 2011 East Arnhem (S)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated East Arnhem - Bal
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 EAST ARNHEM REGION
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 632
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 676
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NT
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) EAST ARNHEM
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) EAST ARNHEM
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) NORTHERN TERRITORY - OUTBACK
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) LINGIARI
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) LINGIARI
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) YIRRKALA
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) YIRRKALA
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NHULUNBUY
    PSMA Localities (2018) YIRRKALA
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Very Remote Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) BOUNDED LOCALITY
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) 500 OR MORE
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (NT)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NHULUNBUY
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) NHULUNBUY
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) YIRRKALA (L)
    Statistical Local Areas East Arnhem (S)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Geological Regions of Australia Arnhem Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qdc
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia North Australian Plateaus Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Top End Coastal Plains
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Indigenous owned, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Native forests and woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Open Forests
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus open forests with a grassy understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt open forests
    Vegetation types - present Eucalyptus open forest

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 0.0 $/ha
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.5638
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.1679
    Endemism 0.0142095415
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.01741828
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.2691
    Occurrence Density 12454.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 6.267315 index
    Species Richness 1555.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.6553344
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.81269
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.018467847
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 179.45969 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 220.43066 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 144.42734 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.46 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.13266666 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.44 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 75.50126 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 83.62579 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 70.33314 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 108.61605 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 3.676 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.06492484
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 4.3029294 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -5.4039855 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 17.554688
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -14.003709
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season 16.142859
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 265.22733 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -70.84364 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -215.78 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 117.374664 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 27.475332 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 20.578056 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 15.766667 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 31.511333 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 23.865833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 13.144653 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 20.472666 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 28.667334 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 1.4733582 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 1.9706726 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 9.318024 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 7.645508 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -1.491333 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -1.4500122 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 6.5966797 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 33.617332 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 26.244667 degrees C
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1375.8572 mm
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 29.285715 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 1.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 14.428572 mm
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 100.85714 mm
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 497.7143 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 69.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 819.2857 mm
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -83.343636 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -232.0097 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 20.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 18.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 23.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 28.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 15.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 18.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 19.2 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 27.0 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 13.571429 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 19.585714 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 24.6 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 7.6 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 25.514286 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.56 %
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 0.56142855
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 33.142857 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 28.885714 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 28.1 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 185.13121 km/day
    Wind run - month max 240.73466 km/day
    Wind run - month min 142.46414 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 3.8263392 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 3.0682385 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 4.5022597 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 4.752217 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 4.2523036 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 4.752217 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 3.1933448 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 2.1968412 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 2.1968412 m/s
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.01 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.12206555 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 1798.7374 m
    Marspec Distance to Shore 1.0 km
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    GEOMACS - geometric mean 0.01365 Pascals
    Marspec Annual Range in Sea Surface Salinity 1.9799999 100 x psu
    Marspec Annual Range in Sea Surface Temperature 4.93 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Annual Variance in Sea Surface Salinity 39.25 100 x psu
    Marspec Annual Variance in Sea Surface Temperature 2.756 10,000 x degrees C
    Marspec Bathymetric Slope 0.1 10 x degrees
    Marspec Concavity 0.001 1000 x degrees
    Marspec East/West Aspect 0.64 radians
    Marspec Maximum Monthly Sea Surface Salinity 35.48 100 x psu
    Marspec Mean Annual Sea Surface Salinity 34.559998 100 x psu
    Marspec Mean Annual Sea Surface Temperature 27.449999 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Minimum Monthly Sea Surface Salinity 33.5 100 x psu
    Marspec North/South Aspect 0.77 1 x radians
    Marspec Plan Curvature 0.0 x 10000
    Marspec Profile Curvature -1.0E-4 x 10000
    Marspec Sea Surface Temperature of the coldest ice-free month 24.8 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Sea Surface Temperature of the warmest ice-free month 29.73 100 x degrees C
    Sea Surface Temperature - MODIS Terra 26.826714 Degrees C
    SeaWIFS K490 Mean 0.10574699 Kd@490nm/m^2
    SeaWiFS Chlorophyll Mean 0.93069303 mg/m^3
    Age 24.5 years
    Age - prime group 31.4 Count
    Disadvantaged 560.994 points (mean=1000)
    Education - degrees 3.5 %
    Education - vocational training 7.9 %
    Employment 1.6 %
    Home ownership 4.5 %
    Income - high 34.4 %
    Income - low 6.2 %
    Internet 19.4 %
    Population - change 12.4 count
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 0.2 people/km^2
    Unemployment rate 9.4 %
    Work force - older 15.3 Count
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.5373932
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.90000004
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.018467847
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 44.656418 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 8.898772 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -0.89971805 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 48.365387
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 1.6621062
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 18.209372 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 104.0625 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Bouguer gravity anomalies 313.14606 Gal
    Bulk density 1.2602823 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic 0.2976899 %
    Carbon store pre-European 29.80512 kgC/ha
    Clay % 29.057459 %
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 43.75 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 133.33333 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 2.588 my
    Lithology - fertility 4.4 index
    Lithology - mean age 1.294 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 0.11193429 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.41296428 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 37.0 nT
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.52
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.08
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.01
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.02142857
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 83.85714
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.59
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 2608.131 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 24.58633 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 76.12788 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 0.0
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 13.82687 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 605.74426 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 4.465538 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 1.4 m
    Soil pedality 2.0
    Soils - coarse 1.7 class
    Substrate data reliability 3.0
    Topographic wetness index 8.300165
    Unreliable water retention parameters 0.0
    Water holding capacity 36000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 203.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 6.31055 Weathering Intensity Index
    Averaged Topographic Relief 64.875 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 0.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.0
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.33690843 degrees
    Topographic relief 2.989069 m
    Topographic roughness 61.36666 %
    Topographic slope (%) 0.4372047 %
    Valley bottom % 25.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 2.779995
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3777 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 17.0 %
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0131 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.4 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.5664 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2002 dry 65.888885 Day
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 97.0 Day