Occurrence record: AD 98561222

Preserved specimen of Arrhenatherum elatius var. bulbosum (Willd.) Spenn. | onion twitch recorded on 1950-12-20

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource AD AVH
Institution code Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources
Supplied institution code "AD"
Collection State Herbarium of South Australia
Supplied collection code "AD"
Catalog number AD 98561222
Occurrence ID AD:AD:AD 98561222
Record type Preserved specimen
Supplied basis "PreservedSpecimen"
Identified by Symon, D.
Identified date 19501220
Collector Robertson, E.L.
Record number 6519
License UNSPECIFIED
Presence/Absence PRESENT
Supplied as Present
Date identified 1950-12-20
Supplied as 19501220

Event

Occurrence date 1950-12-20
Verbatim event date 20 Dec 1950
Date precision DAY

Taxonomy

Scientific name Arrhenatherum elatius var. bulbosum
Supplied scientific name "Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Presl & C.Presl var. bulbosum Spenner"
Identified to rank variety
Supplied as "var."
Common name onion twitch
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Supplied as "Gramineae"
Genus Arrhenatherum
Species Arrhenatherum elatius
Name match metric canonicalMatch
Infraspecific epithet bulbosum
Scientific name authorship (Willd.) Spenn.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory South Australia
Locality Echunga
Latitude -35.1017814400618
Supplied as: "-35.1030560000"
Longitude 138.79471077822208
Supplied as: "138.7936110000"
Datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "AGD84"
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty (in metres) 10000.0
Terrestrial true
Biome TERRESTRIAL
Marine false
Country Code AU
Verbatim coordinates 35,06,11,S;138,47,37,E

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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow less than 3 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Marine Southern Australian Marine
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Southern Australia Mallee and Woodlands
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Modified pastures
    NRM Regions 2010 Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    NRM Regions 2014 Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    NRM Regions 2015 Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    NRM Regions 2017 Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble removed
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble removed
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions Flinders Lofty Block
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Mount Lofty Ranges
    IBRA 7 Regions Flinders Lofty Block
    IBRA 7 Subregions Mount Lofty Ranges
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Tirari-Sturt Stony Desert
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Residential rainfed croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Classic "Mediterranean" climate with peaks of growth in winter and spring and moderate growth in winter
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: distinctly dry (and warm) summer
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South Australian Gulf
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 ONKAPARINGA RIVER
    River Regions ONKAPARINGA RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World South Australian Gulfs
    States including coastal waters South Australia (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Mayo
    Local Government Areas 2011 Mount Barker (DC)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Mount Barker Bal
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 MOUNT BARKER DISTRICT COUNCIL
    Native Title Determinations (13/7/2020) Kaurna Peoples Native Title Claim SCD2018/001
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 12
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 549
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) GREATER ADELAIDE
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) HAHNDORF - ECHUNGA
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) ADELAIDE HILLS
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) ADELAIDE - CENTRAL AND HILLS
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) MAYO
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) MAYO
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) ADELAIDE HILLS - MOUNT BARKER
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) MOUNT BARKER
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) ADELAIDE
    PSMA Localities (2018) ECHUNGA
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) BOUNDED LOCALITY
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) 500 OR MORE
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) ADELAIDE
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) SOUTH AUSTRALIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) ECHUNGA (L)
    PSMA Wards (2018) SOUTH WARD
    Statistical Local Areas Mount Barker (DC) Bal
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Adelaide Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Czc
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Gulfs Ranges Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Flinders-Lofty Ranges
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Built-up
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt open forests
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 7775071.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.018834 t/ha
    Potassium 0.067409 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.4172
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.2024
    Endemism 0.009353574
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.010152528
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.4126
    Migratory species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 14017.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.982291 index
    Species Richness 1477.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 7.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.75544155
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 49.63 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 61.198334 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 17.69 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1629266
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.16193096
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 20.475834 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.908334 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 21.720001 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 1.0467646
    Aridity index - month max 2.8742137
    Aridity index - month min 0.13313921
    Evaporation - annual mean 119.03006 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 17693.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 225.32806 mm
    Evaporation - month min 38.813896 mm
    Evaporation - variability 6.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.28 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 79.448166 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 71.346756 %
    Humidity - month max relative 90.87765 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 83.614944 %
    Humidity - month min relative 58.594887 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 58.594887 %
    Precipitation - annual 884.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 834.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 70.53315 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -1.3691353
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 359.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 30.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 5.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 82.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.0606487
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 53.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.06034365
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 84.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 121.90735 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 31.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 359.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 44.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 25.1 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 18.645 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 14.3 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 8.0825 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 20.700012 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 22.0 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.51 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 5.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.5 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 10.4 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 19.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.47 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 25.48 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.33
    Temperature - warmest month min 12.14 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 27.2 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 19.2 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 9.5 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 216.31396 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 797.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 320.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 24.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 78.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 48.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 78.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 114.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 320.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 141.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 220.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 49.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 93.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 112.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 190.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 50.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3815.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 269.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 190.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 93.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.01 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.3101612 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.089999996 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.01 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 12886.999 m
    Remoteness index 0.56076586
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 2835.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 29.0 %
    Runoff - average 2396.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 15.2 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 118.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.49 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 15.0 %
    Bulk density 1.5964671 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.3703405 %
    Clay % 34.526947 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 53.333332 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.63
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Nutrient status 1.1 index
    Ph - soil 6.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.8 m
    Soil pedality 2.5982037
    Water holding capacity 35000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.73345 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 311.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 132.5 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 361.0 m
    Elevation 343.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.5316563 degrees
    Topographic relief 48.86673 m
    Topographic slope (%) 3.50043 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3758 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 76.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 15.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 13.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 71.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0447 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 2.4 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 70.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 7.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.8234 NDVI