Occurrence record: MEL 0283877A

PreservedSpecimen of Pterostylis bicolor recorded on 1998-10-08

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 0283877A
Occurrence ID 07227cd6-6374-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Identified by Hosking, J.R.
Identified date 1998-11-20
Collector Hosking, J.R.
Collecting number 1616
Reproductive condition flowers
Previous identifications Pterostylis bicolor, det. J.R. Hosking.
Occurrence remarks Locally common (11 collected). Cryptic orchid to 34 cm high. Plants with rosette leaves that are drying out and up to 8 stem-clasping leaves. Flowers green and translucent greenish-white. Base of labellum with black appendage that is sensitive to touch.
Occurrence status present
Supplied as Present
Date identified 1998-11-20
Identification verification status verified
Identification ID fe73a316-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 1998-10-08
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Pterostylis bicolor
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asparagales
Family Orchidaceae
Genus Pterostylis
Species Pterostylis bicolor
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Local government area Inverell (A)
Locality Above Frazers Creek, Nullamanna Fossicking Area.
Habitat Landform c.4 degrees sloping areas in deeper soils; granitic substrate; brown loam and clay soil. Vegetation: from grassy Eucalyptus sp. (ironbark) woodland, growing with Aira cupiana, Chrysocephalum apiculatum, Linaria pelisseriana, Triptilodiscus pygmaeus and Wurmbea biglandulosa (J.R. Hosking 1598, small form from rock shelves).
Latitude -29.6556000000
Longitude 151.2328000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim coordinate system degrees minutes seconds
Verbatim locality Above Frazers Creek, Nullamanna Fossicking Area.
Minimum elevation in metres 638
Maximum elevation in metres 638
Coordinate precision 0.0002780000
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 1000.0
Georeferenced by collector
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 151° 13' 58" E
Verbatim latitude 29° 39' 20" S

Additional properties

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Min and max altitude reversed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 5 missing properties
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow 3-9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Modified pastures
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Upland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW17
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) NSW Murray���Darling Basin Fractured Rock
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units Inverell Basalt (GS18)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) New England Fold Belt MDB (GS37)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW16
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) New South Wales Border Rivers
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS23
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) NSW Border Rivers
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys BORDER RIVERS
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones upland
    NRM Regions 2010 Border Rivers-Gwydir
    NRM Regions 2014 Northern Tablelands
    NRM Regions 2015 Northern Tablelands
    NRM Regions 2017 Northern Tablelands
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Northern Tablelands
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Northern Tablelands
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions New England Tablelands
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Severn River Volcanics
    IBRA 7 Regions New England Tablelands
    IBRA 7 Subregions Severn River Volcanics
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Most plant growth in summer, although summers are moisture limiting. Temperature limits growth in winter
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture (tropical and subtropical)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions BORDER RIVERS
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Tweed-Moreton
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries New England
    Local Government Areas 2011 Inverell (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Inverell - Pt B
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 INVERELL SHIRE COUNCIL
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Bigambul, Githabul, Kambuwal, Gomeroi/Kamilaroi, Kwiambul, Ngarabal
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Barkandji, Barapa Barapa, Bigambul, Budjiti, Euahlayi, Githabul, Gomeroi/Kamilaroi, Guwamu (Kooma), Kambuwal, Kunja, Kwiambul, Maljangapa, Maraura, Murrawarri, Mutthi Mutthi, Nari Nari, Ngarabal, Ngemba, Ngiyampaa, Nyeri Nyeri, Tati Tati, Wadi Wadi, Wail
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Bigambul, Githabul, Kambuwal, Gomeroi/Kamilaroi, Kwiambul, Ngarabal
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Bigambul, Githabul, Kambuwal, Gomeroi/Kamilaroi, Kwiambul, Ngarabal
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Northern Tablelands
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 10
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 1706
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) INVERELL REGION - EAST
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) INVERELL - TENTERFIELD
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) NEW ENGLAND AND NORTH WEST
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) NEW ENGLAND
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) NEW ENGLAND
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) INVERELL - GWYDIR
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) INVERELL
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NORTH-EASTERN NSW
    PSMA Localities (2018) NULLAMANNA
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (NSW)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) NORTHERN TABLELANDS
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (NSW)
    Statistical Local Areas Inverell (A) - Pt B
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia New England Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Czb
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia New England-Moreton Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Cunningham Slopes
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Native grasslands and minimally modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Regrowth, modified native vegetation
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Regrowth or modified graminoids
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 4720312.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.012378884 t/ha
    Potassium 0.076589145 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.8161
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.0719
    Endemism 0.0022498704
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.0023225383
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 2181.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.795398 index
    Species Richness 519.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 1.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 7.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.4480753
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 56.81 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 58.77833 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 30.11 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1944261
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.19314438
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 24.744167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.825 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 29.130005 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.4711593
    Aridity index - month max 0.74413246
    Aridity index - month min 0.31644043
    Evaporation - annual mean 139.00597 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 17432.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 222.74547 mm
    Evaporation - month min 56.8 mm
    Evaporation - variability 15.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.12 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.28 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.09 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 75.77353 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 59.181507 %
    Humidity - month max relative 85.81828 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 67.5644 %
    Humidity - month min relative 53.04861 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 53.04861 %
    Precipitation - annual 716.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 769.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 60.46193 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.83597714
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 121.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 39.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 8.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 121.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.3811345
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 37.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.3784403
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 281.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 93.54056 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 24.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 292.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 18.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 27.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.0 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 22.54 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 15.9 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 8.441667 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 27.400024 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 29.1 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 1.19 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 0.9 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.1 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 14.6 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 9.1 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.5 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 29.26 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.78
    Temperature - warmest month min 15.3 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 30.0 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 22.2 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 21.6 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 143.843 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 747.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 118.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 33.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 118.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 35.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 273.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 101.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 276.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 155.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 288.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 5.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 84.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 144.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 84.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 50.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 5251.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 293.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 219.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 207.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 1.977979 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.15811388 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 105957.79 m
    Remoteness index 4.1408477
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 156.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 222.0 %
    Runoff - average 1586.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 6.1556664 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 56.47773
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 104.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.35 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 65.0 %
    Bulk density 1.2465123 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 2.3325572 %
    Clay % 62.18256 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 45.555557 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.48
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.62
    Nutrient status 2.0 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.9 m
    Soil pedality 4.174114
    Water holding capacity 21000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 65.76926
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.23801 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 302.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 123.291664 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 643.0 m
    Elevation 640.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.65258825 degrees
    Topographic relief 7.892273 m
    Topographic slope (%) 0.592721 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.4127 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 55.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 39.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 61.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0219 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 1.2 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 51.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 8.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.6449 NDVI