Occurrence record: MEL 2037531A

PreservedSpecimen of Pterostylis bicolor recorded on 1996-11-05

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 2037531A
Occurrence ID c1fa5714-6373-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet
Identified by Entwisle, T.J.
Identified date 1997-04-17
Collector Steward, G.
Collecting number s.n.
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
State conservation Victoria: Poorly Known
Previous identifications Pterostylis bicolor M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Occurrence remarks Collection date given is approximate.
Occurrence status present
Date identified 1997-04-17
Identification ID d36e8cfc-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 1996-11-05
Supplied as year:1996  month:11  day:5 
Date precision Day
Start day of year 310
Event ID 13cb609f-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Taxonomy

Higher classification Plantae | Viridaeplantae | Streptophyta | Equisetopsida | Magnoliidae | Lilianae | Asparagales | Orchidaceae | Pterostylis
Scientific name Pterostylis bicolor
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asparagales
Family Orchidaceae
Genus Pterostylis
Species Pterostylis bicolor
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Higher geography Oceania | Australia
Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area Wangaratta (RC)
Locality Killawarra State Forest, North Warby Ranges.
Latitude -36.2333000000
Longitude 146.2167000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "epsg:4326"
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Verbatim locality Killawarra State Forest, North Warby Ranges.
Coordinate precision 0.0166666667
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Georeference sources R14
Georeferenced by National Herbarium of Victoria
Location ID 8db51fa4-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da
Continent Oceania
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 146° 13' E
Verbatim latitude 36° 14' S

Additional properties

identified by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q21512240

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced sources Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 5 missing properties
    Show/Hide 38 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    CAPAD 2010 Terrestrial Warby-Ovens
    CAPAD 2012 Terrestrial Warby-Ovens
    CAPAD 2014 Terrestrial Warby-Ovens
    CAPAD 2016 Terrestrial Warby-Ovens National Park
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow 3-9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    GER Central Victorial Biolinks GER Central Victorial Biolinks
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Important Bird Areas (IBA) Australia Warby-Chiltern Box-Ironbark Region IBA
    Irrigation practice - dominant 7. Other methods
    Land use Other minimal uses
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Upland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW2
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) Goulburn-Murray
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units Goulburn-Murray: Shepparton Irrigation Region (GS8)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) Goulburn-Murray: Highlands (GS8b)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW3
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) Northern Victoria
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS4
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Ovens
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys OVENS
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones slopes
    NRM Regions 2010 North East
    NRM Regions 2014 North East
    NRM Regions 2015 North East
    NRM Regions 2017 North East
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) North East
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Removed by hot burn
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Removed by hot burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 North East
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions NSW South Western Slopes
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Northern Inland Slopes, Upper Slopes
    IBRA 7 Regions NSW South Western Slopes
    IBRA 7 Subregions Inland Slopes
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions OVENS RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Indi
    Local Government Areas 2011 Wangaratta (RC)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Wangaratta - North
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 WANGARATTA RURAL CITY
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Bangerang, Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Bangerang, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurung, Waywurru, Yorta Yorta
    National Native Title Register (NNTR, Determinations of Native Title) - boundaries and core attributes Yorta Yorta
    Native Title Determinations (13/7/2020) Yorta Yorta VCD1998/001
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 22
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 1760
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) WANGARATTA REGION
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) WANGARATTA - BENALLA
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) HUME
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) INDI
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) INDI
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) WODONGA
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) WANGARATTA
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) KILLAWARRA
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NORTHERN VICTORIA
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) NORTHERN VICTORIA
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (VIC.)
    PSMA Wards (2018) WARBY WARD
    Statistical Local Areas Wangaratta (RC) - North
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Sensitive Data Layers
    Fruit Fly Exclusion Zone - Tri State FFEZ
    Phylloxera Infection Zone - North East, Victoria Phylloxera Infection Zone - North East, Victoria
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Lachlan Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Ssy
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 East Victorian Uplands
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Open Forests
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus open forests with a shrubby understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt open forests
    Vegetation types - present Eucalyptus open forest

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 4180483.0 $
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.8033
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.0357
    Endemism 0.0035542746
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.0036873333
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 19755.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.3859453 index
    Species Richness 1084.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 1.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.593712
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 35.26 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 41.8325 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 25.6 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.2330171
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.23084809
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 23.331667 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.564167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 28.649994 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.674507
    Aridity index - month max 1.7241379
    Aridity index - month min 0.1532812
    Evaporation - annual mean 121.52725 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 12998.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 244.48785 mm
    Evaporation - month min 31.9 mm
    Evaporation - variability 17.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.06 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.24 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 78.306274 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 64.32152 %
    Humidity - month max relative 93.70692 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 80.84293 %
    Humidity - month min relative 47.97672 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 47.97672 %
    Precipitation - annual 539.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 567.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 46.206284 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.30448076
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 182.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 33.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 6.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 97.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1221374
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 26.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.121212125
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 108.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 57.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 16.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 186.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 43.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 24.8 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 21.431667 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 15.2 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 8.0325 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 27.399994 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 28.8 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 2.52 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 2.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 8.6 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 13.5 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 20.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.47 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 30.49 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.87
    Temperature - warmest month min 14.29 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 31.5 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 22.3 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 9.2 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 129.15291 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 605.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 181.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 31.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 111.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 22.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 116.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 65.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 186.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 148.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 275.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 28.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 81.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 126.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 215.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 45.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 5301.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 303.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 217.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 90.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 2.052316 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.049999997 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 171127.98 m
    Remoteness index 2.4127066
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 501.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 115.0 %
    Runoff - average 86.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 4.1 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 142.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.23 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 27.0 %
    Bulk density 1.6027095 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.0820272 %
    Clay % 43.840782 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 16.666666 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.55
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.96
    Nutrient status 1.6 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.9 m
    Soil pedality 3.5061452
    Water holding capacity 41250.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 2.19503 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 72.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 161.0 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 166.0 m
    Elevation 164.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.2694982 degrees
    Topographic relief 20.35098 m
    Topographic slope (%) 1.369276 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2336 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 37.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 48.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 52.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0132 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.9 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 63.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 7.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.6475 NDVI