Occurrence record: MEL 2067146A

PreservedSpecimen of Carduus nutans recorded on 1970-01-19

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 2067146A
Occurrence ID d3e0df5c-6373-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet - 1
Collector Muir, T.B.
Collecting number s.n.
Reproductive condition flowers
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Establishment means introduced
Occurrence status present
Identification verification status verified
Identification ID deb307be-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 1970-01-19
Supplied as year:1970  month:1  day:19 
Date precision Day
Start day of year 19
Event ID 1e590396-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Taxonomy

Scientific name Carduus nutans
Supplied scientific name "Carduus nutans subsp. nutans"
Taxon rank species
Supplied as "subspecies"
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae
Genus Carduus
Species Carduus nutans
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Higher taxon match
The match is based on the higher level classification.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Infraspecific epithet nutans
Scientific name authorship L.
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area Southern Grampians (S)
Locality Hamilton.
Habitat A single plant growing near the road in a paddock.
Latitude -37.7500000
Longitude 142.0166667
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Verbatim locality Hamilton.
Coordinate precision 0.0166666667
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Georeference sources D43
Georeferenced by National Herbarium of Victoria
Location ID 926630f0-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 142° 1' E
Verbatim latitude 37° 45' S

Additional properties

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Coordinate precision not valid Failed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced sources Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 6 missing properties
    Show/Hide 39 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No practices
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No practices
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Other minimal uses
    NRM Regions 2010 Glenelg Hopkins
    NRM Regions 2014 Glenelg Hopkins
    NRM Regions 2015 Glenelg Hopkins
    NRM Regions 2017 Glenelg Hopkins
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Glenelg Hopkins
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Equal hot and cool burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) None = 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Glenelg Hopkins
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Bass Strait Drainages
    IBRA 6 Regions Victorian Volcanic Plain
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Victorian Volcanic Plain
    IBRA 7 Regions Southern Volcanic Plain
    IBRA 7 Subregions Victorian Volcanic Plain
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (warm summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (Victoria)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 GLENELG RIVER
    River Regions GLENELG RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Western Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Wannon
    Local Government Areas 2011 Southern Grampians (S)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated S. Grampians - Hamilton
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 SOUTHERN GRAMPIANS SHIRE
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 26
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 721
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) HAMILTON (VIC.)
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) GLENELG - SOUTHERN GRAMPIANS
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) WARRNAMBOOL AND SOUTH WEST
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) WANNON
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) WANNON
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) SOUTHERN GRAMPIANS - GLENELG
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) SOUTHERN GRAMPIANS
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) HAMILTON
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LOWAN
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LOWAN
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (VIC.)
    PSMA Wards (2018) SOUTHERN GRAMPIANS SHIRE
    Statistical Local Areas S. Grampians (S) - Hamilton
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Otway Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qbn
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 West Victorian Plains
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Low Closed Forests and Tall Closed Shrublands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Low closed forest or tall closed shrublands (including Acacia, Melaleuca and Banksia)
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Removed
    Vegetation types - native Other forests and woodlands
    Vegetation types - present Other forests and woodlands

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 1.3425117E7 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.015213789 t/ha
    Potassium 0.05096331 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.6274
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.0543
    Endemism 0.021123651
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.024765272
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 47783.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 4.8272257 index
    Species Richness 944.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 10.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.6455105
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 37.85 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 46.803333 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 21.22 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.3534604
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.35056865
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 20.1375 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 8.7275 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 22.200012 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.83211315
    Aridity index - month max 1.921922
    Aridity index - month min 0.15266205
    Evaporation - annual mean 109.4126 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 13736.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 216.16374 mm
    Evaporation - month min 33.3 mm
    Evaporation - variability 7.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.27 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.02 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 85.65407 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 70.992035 %
    Humidity - month max relative 98.70999 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 85.115036 %
    Humidity - month min relative 56.739758 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 56.739758 %
    Precipitation - annual 682.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 631.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 56.33647 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.52999127
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 219.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 32.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 5.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 93.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.197692
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 33.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.19644088
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 93.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 81.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 18.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 221.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 15.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 45.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.4 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 18.381666 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 13.5 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 7.3900003 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 20.899994 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 22.5 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.13 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.5 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.2 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 11.2 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 18.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.5 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 25.46 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.25
    Temperature - warmest month min 11.07 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 26.9 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 18.3 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 9.4 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 216.04617 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 680.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 236.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 24.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 94.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 33.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 94.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 89.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 241.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 132.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 213.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 43.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 87.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 110.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 177.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 51.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3458.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 256.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 177.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 93.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.089999996 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.5263079 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.089999996 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.10198039 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 96252.11 m
    Remoteness index 2.1
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 2048.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 58.0 %
    Runoff - average 133.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 161.05861 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 80.99999
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 79.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.47 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 32.0 %
    Bulk density 1.5705346 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.5615617 %
    Clay % 38.380505 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 17.5 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.62
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.99
    Nutrient status 1.7 index
    Ph - soil 3.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.8 m
    Soil pedality 2.9245284
    Water holding capacity 41000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 5.18341 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 227.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 103.333336 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 167.0 m
    Elevation 190.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.5238193 degrees
    Topographic relief 3.653091 m
    Topographic slope (%) 0.2330159 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.1984 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 36.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 19.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 47.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 34.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0131 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.6 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 48.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 0.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.352 NDVI