Occurrence record: MEL 0720293A

PreservedSpecimen of Carduus nutans recorded on 1993-01-20

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 0720293A
Occurrence ID d3ddff08-6373-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet - 1
Collector Hosking, J.R.|Maguire, A.J.
Collecting number 674
Reproductive condition flowers
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Establishment means introduced
Occurrence status present
Identification verification status verified
Identification ID deb12d50-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 1993-01-20
Supplied as year:1993  month:1  day:20 
Date precision Day
Start day of year 20
Event ID 1e57bc9d-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Taxonomy

Scientific name Carduus nutans
Supplied scientific name "Carduus nutans subsp. nutans"
Taxon rank species
Supplied as "subspecies"
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae
Genus Carduus
Species Carduus nutans
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Higher taxon match
The match is based on the higher level classification.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Infraspecific epithet nutans
Scientific name authorship L.
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Local government area Upper Hunter Shire (A)
Locality 'Tomalla', Barrington Tops.
Habitat Roadside and pasture. Landform: plateau. Substrate: basalt. Soil: red brown. Vegetation: pasture.
Latitude -31.8333333
Longitude 151.4833333
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Verbatim locality 'Tomalla', Barrington Tops.
Minimum elevation in metres 1270
Maximum elevation in metres 1270
Coordinate precision 0.0166666667
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Georeferenced by Hosking, J.R.
Location ID 926544b4-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 151° 29' E
Verbatim latitude 31° 50' S

Additional properties

recorded by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q21516084

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Coordinate precision not valid Failed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Min and max altitude reversed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 7 missing properties
    Show/Hide 38 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    GER Hunter Valley GER Hunter Valley
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Other minimal uses
    NRM Regions 2010 Hunter-Central Rivers
    NRM Regions 2014 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2015 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Hunter
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Hunter
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions NSW North Coast
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Barrington
    IBRA 7 Regions NSW North Coast
    IBRA 7 Subregions Barrington
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Wild woodlands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (mild summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Tall eucalypt forest (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 MANNING RIVER
    River Regions MANNING RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Hunter
    Local Government Areas 2011 Upper Hunter Shire (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Upper Hunter Shire
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 UPPER HUNTER SHIRE COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Hunter
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 0
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 723
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) SCONE REGION
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) UPPER HUNTER
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) HUNTER VALLEY EXC NEWCASTLE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) NEW ENGLAND
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) NEW ENGLAND
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) UPPER HUNTER
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) UPPER HUNTER
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NORTH-EASTERN NSW
    PSMA Localities (2018) TOMALLA
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (NSW)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (NSW)
    Statistical Local Areas Upper Hunter Shire (A)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia New England Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Czbcy
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia New England-Moreton Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Liverpool-Barrington Plateaus
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Eucalypt Medium Woodland
    Land cover Native forests and woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Open Forests
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus open forests with a grassy understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Modified
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt tall open forests
    Vegetation types - present Eucalyptus tall open forest

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 8673855.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.012795 t/ha
    Potassium 0.058292 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.813
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.7519
    Endemism 0.028206918
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.02851366
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.4792
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 6255.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 4.5008507 index
    Species Richness 865.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 6.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.8969521
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 50.81 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 95.03333 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 57.52 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.88051516
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.13518526
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 18.866667 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 7.7625003 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 23.940002 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 1.2507975
    Aridity index - month max 3.2338436
    Aridity index - month min 0.5872255
    Evaporation - annual mean 103.27702 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 22384.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 185.88252 mm
    Evaporation - month min 37.83577 mm
    Evaporation - variability 8.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.07 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.41 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.05 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 83.83328 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 75.28134 %
    Humidity - month max relative 90.40612 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 85.7971 %
    Humidity - month min relative 63.506107 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 63.506107 %
    Precipitation - annual 996.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1237.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 102.80308 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.18123622
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 266.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 77.15495 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 16.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 241.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.93337595
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 20.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.07111094
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 378.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 139.17747 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 32.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 393.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 30.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 21.8 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 16.878334 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 12.0 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 5.2408333 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 23.469025 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 23.9 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min -0.6 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 0.5 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 6.1 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 10.9 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 8.1 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.45 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 23.28 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.57
    Temperature - warmest month min 11.13 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 24.4 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 17.6 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 17.3 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 136.78705 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 1176.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 248.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 70.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 221.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 22.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 383.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 149.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 389.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 113.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 237.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min -6.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 53.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 114.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 61.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 48.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4537.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 231.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 168.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 165.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.9689685 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.031622775 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 53538.926 m
    Remoteness index 7.291697
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 1655.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 124.0 %
    Runoff - average 849.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.25316456 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 1.6 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 79.539
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 160.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.05 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 55.0 %
    Bulk density 1.1755618 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 7.16377 %
    Clay % 51.772472 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 130.76923 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.94
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Nutrient status 1.6 index
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.3 m
    Soil pedality 3.358427
    Water holding capacity 26000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 3.76837 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 74.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 423.16666 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 1276.0 m
    Elevation 1198.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 4.4933257 degrees
    Topographic relief 104.2843 m
    Topographic slope (%) 6.251755 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.4381 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 89.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 29.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 71.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0628 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 5.3 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 70.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 9.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.7529 NDVI