Occurrence record: MEL 2265127A

PreservedSpecimen of Pterostylis bicolor recorded on 2004-11-11

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 2265127A
Occurrence ID 5a7e20ba-6374-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations alcohol
Identified by Jeanes, J.A.
Identified date 2004-11-16
Collector Jeanes, J.A.
Collecting number 1345
Reproductive condition flowers
State conservation Victoria: Poorly Known
Occurrence status present
Supplied as Present
Date identified 2004-11-16
Identification verification status verified
Identification ID 349ff5c5-1abd-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 2004-11-11
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Pterostylis bicolor
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asparagales
Family Orchidaceae
Genus Pterostylis
Species Pterostylis bicolor
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area Mount Alexander (S)
Locality Calder Hwy alignment behind Taradale State Forest on private property - near proposed wildlife crossing.
Habitat Sedimentary. Growing in a grazed paddock surrounded by Eucalyptus polyanthemos, E. baxteri and E. dives in grassy woodland / heathy dry woodland / valley grassy forest?.
Latitude -37.1167000000
Longitude 144.3500000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Verbatim locality Calder Hwy alignment behind Taradale State Forest on private property - near proposed wildlife crossing.
Coordinate precision 0.0166700000
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Georeference sources N3
Georeferenced by compiler
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 144° 21' E
Verbatim latitude 37° 7' S

Additional properties

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced sources Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 4 missing properties
    Show/Hide 39 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow less than 3 months
    GER Central Victorial Biolinks GER Central Victorial Biolinks
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Grazing of native pastures
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Upland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW2
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) Goulburn-Murray
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units Goulburn-Murray: Shepparton Irrigation Region (GS8)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) Goulburn-Murray: Highlands (GS8b)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW3
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) Northern Victoria
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS7
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Campaspe
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys CAMPASPE
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones slopes
    Murray-Darling Basin Wetland Groups Reservoir
    NRM Regions 2010 North Central
    NRM Regions 2014 North Central
    NRM Regions 2015 North Central
    NRM Regions 2017 North Central
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) North Central
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Removed by hot burn
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Removed = hot burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cultivation
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 North Central
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions Victorian Midlands
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Goldfields
    IBRA 7 Regions Victorian Midlands
    IBRA 7 Subregions Goldfields
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Residential rainfed croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (warm summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions CAMPASPE RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Bendigo
    Indigenous Land Use Agreements Low Impact Exploration and Exploration, Dja Dja Wurrung
    Local Government Areas 2011 Mount Alexander (S)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Mount Alexander Bal
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 MOUNT ALEXANDER SHIRE
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Bangerang, Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Bangerang, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurung, Waywurru, Yorta Yorta
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 4
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 852
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) CASTLEMAINE REGION
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) HEATHCOTE - CASTLEMAINE - KYNETON
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) BENDIGO
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) BENDIGO
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) BENDIGO
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) CASTLEMAINE - KERANG
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) CASTLEMAINE - KERANG
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) TARADALE
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NORTHERN VICTORIA
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) NORTHERN VICTORIA
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (VIC.)
    PSMA Wards (2018) COLIBAN WARD
    Statistical Local Areas Mount Alexander (S) Bal
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Lachlan Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Osc
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 West Victorian Uplands
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Other special rights, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus woodlands with a tussock grass understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 1.4556061E7 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.018022 t/ha
    Potassium 0.099009 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.6018
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.0685
    Endemism 0.0053255246
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.005832612
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 10422.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 6.0014715 index
    Species Richness 1125.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 2.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.7694131
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 35.01 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 50.924168 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 29.28 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.2200153
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.21834727
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 20.254166 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 7.5308332 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 25.869995 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 1.0294193
    Aridity index - month max 2.7387729
    Aridity index - month min 0.19321498
    Evaporation - annual mean 98.27974 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 14853.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 196.67212 mm
    Evaporation - month min 26.654274 mm
    Evaporation - variability 12.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.25 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 82.16561 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 70.96161 %
    Humidity - month max relative 93.434006 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 85.58442 %
    Humidity - month min relative 57.19884 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 57.19884 %
    Precipitation - annual 685.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 696.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 56.871437 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.53502697
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 251.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 37.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 7.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 104.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1401274
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 34.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.1392405
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 111.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 79.45727 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 21.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 251.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 15.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 46.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 24.2 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 18.104168 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 12.8 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 6.275 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 24.05429 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 26.0 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 1.88 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 1.9 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 7.2 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 12.4 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 18.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.48 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 26.36 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.61
    Temperature - warmest month min 11.5 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 27.9 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 18.8 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 7.2 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 177.3721 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 718.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 232.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 38.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 117.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 27.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 117.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 86.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 235.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 130.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 250.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 24.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 73.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 118.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 189.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 47.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4554.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 274.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 189.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 80.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.8935882 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.01 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 110471.07 m
    Remoteness index 1.2425652
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 1916.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 78.0 %
    Runoff - average 456.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 6.6 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 108.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.37 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 37.0 %
    Bulk density 1.651414 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.6131454 %
    Clay % 41.427113 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 16.666666 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.67
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Nutrient status 1.15 index
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.9 m
    Soil pedality 3.329446
    Water holding capacity 32000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 3.59649 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 90.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 162.83333 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 400.0 m
    Elevation 385.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.8821689 degrees
    Topographic relief 35.04755 m
    Topographic slope (%) 2.435283 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2407 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 40.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 57.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 43.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0178 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.7 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 57.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 4.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.5054 NDVI