Occurrence record: AD 95946019

Specimen of Billardiera macrantha recorded on 1958-04-30

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource AD AVH data
Institution code Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources
Supplied institution code "AD"
Collection code State Herbarium of South Australia
Supplied collection code "AD"
Catalog number AD 95946019
Occurrence ID AD:AD:AD 95946019
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Identified by Vonow, H.P.
Identified date 200404
Collector Whibley, D.J.E.
Record number 165
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Occurrence status present
Supplied as Present
Date identified 200404

Event

Occurrence date 1958-04-30
Date precision Day
Verbatim event date 30 Apr 1958

Taxonomy

Scientific name Billardiera macrantha
Supplied scientific name "Billardiera macrantha Hook.f."
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Apiales
Family Pittosporaceae
Genus Billardiera
Species Billardiera macrantha
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship Hook.f.

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Locality Colac-Otway (S)
Locality Between Lavers Hill and Apollo Bay
Latitude -38.7195402337
Supplied as: "-38.7208330000"
Longitude 143.52776109
Supplied as: "143.5266670000"
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "AGD84"
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 10000.0
Verbatim coordinates 38,43,15,S;143,31,36,E
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU

Additional properties

User flagged issues 

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Coordinates converted to WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Decimal latitude/longitude conversion failed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    CAPAD 2010 Terrestrial Great Otway
    CAPAD 2012 Terrestrial Great Otway
    CAPAD 2014 Terrestrial Great Otway
    CAPAD 2016 Terrestrial Great Otway National Park
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No practices
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No practices
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Marine Southern Australian Marine
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Important Bird Areas (IBA) Australia Otway Range IBA
    Irrigation practice - dominant 7. Other methods
    Land use Urban intensive uses
    NRM Regions 2010 Corangamite
    NRM Regions 2014 Corangamite
    NRM Regions 2015 Corangamite
    NRM Regions 2017 Corangamite
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Corangamite
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble removed
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Removed by cool burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cultivation
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Corangamite
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Bass Strait Drainages
    IBRA 6 Regions South Eastern Highlands
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Otway Ranges
    IBRA 7 Regions South Eastern Highlands
    IBRA 7 Subregions Otway Ranges
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Wild woodlands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (mild summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Tall eucalypt forest (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (Victoria)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 OTWAY COAST
    River Regions OTWAY COAST
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Western Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Corangamite
    Local Government Areas 2011 Colac-Otway (S)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Colac-Otway - South
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 COLAC OTWAY SHIRE
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 7
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 1302
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) OTWAY
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) COLAC - CORANGAMITE
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) WARRNAMBOOL AND SOUTH WEST
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) CORANGAMITE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) CORANGAMITE
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) SOUTH-WEST CENTRAL VICTORIA
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) CORANGAMITE - GOLDEN PLAINS
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) GLENAIRE
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) WESTERN VICTORIA
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) WESTERN VICTORIA
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (VIC.)
    PSMA Wards (2018) COLAC OTWAY SHIRE
    Statistical Local Areas Colac-Otway (S) - South
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Otway Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Kso
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 South Victorian Uplands
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Eucalypt Tall Open
    IGBP Land Cover vegetation classification scheme (2011) Evergreen broadleaf forest
    Land cover Native forests and woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Open Forests
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus (+/- tall) open forest with a dense broad-leaved and/or tree-fern understorey (wet sclerophyll)
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Nature Conservation Reserve
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Rainforests and vine thickets
    Vegetation types - present Rainforest and vine thickets

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 9808116.0 $
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.5636
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.8797
    Endemism 0.018104704
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.023593016
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.2691
    Migratory species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 12532.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 6.0467815 index
    Species Richness 1558.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 1.3915272
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 45.07 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 106.104164 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 54.37 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1909442
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.19028088
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 17.099167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.3025 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 16.600006 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 2.0402734
    Aridity index - month max 4.960605
    Aridity index - month min 0.36392587
    Evaporation - annual mean 90.74039 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 17704.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 177.5211 mm
    Evaporation - month min 29.679094 mm
    Evaporation - variability 6.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.36 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.02 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 88.54799 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 84.478035 %
    Humidity - month max relative 91.851 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 91.55278 %
    Humidity - month min relative 74.68901 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 74.68901 %
    Precipitation - annual 1537.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1411.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 117.43138 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.6251951
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 500.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 64.60452 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 15.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 214.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.0865462
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 32.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.0862949
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 214.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 168.51132 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 43.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 500.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 13.4 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 50.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 20.2 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 15.4425 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 12.3 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 7.7166667 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 15.969788 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 16.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.64 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 5.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 8.6 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 7.6 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 16.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.45 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 20.77 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.04
    Temperature - warmest month min 11.2 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 22.0 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 16.2 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 8.6 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 251.92755 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 1390.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 487.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 57.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 193.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 33.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 193.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 174.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 487.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 124.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 168.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 52.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 85.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 81.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 164.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 48.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3039.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 220.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 164.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 85.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.1140175 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.06403124 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 7330.9863 m
    Remoteness index 3.3977485
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 7253.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 11.0 %
    Runoff - average 13385.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 2.2 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 108.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.11 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 28.0 %
    Bulk density 1.5722171 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 2.8457522 %
    Clay % 38.996178 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 43.75 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.87
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Nutrient status 1.7 index
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.8 m
    Soil pedality 2.9266055
    Water holding capacity 47000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 1.42328 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 218.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 302.54166 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 234.0 m
    Elevation 281.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.8863173 degrees
    Topographic relief 68.02936 m
    Topographic slope (%) 4.484476 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3672 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 92.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 11.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 89.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0352 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 5.0 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 85.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 20.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.8871 NDVI