Occurrence record: MEL 0225768A

PreservedSpecimen of Themeda triandra | Kangaroo grass recorded on 1957-01-24

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 0225768A
Occurrence ID b0930886-6373-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Collector Gray, M.
Collecting number 4031
Reproductive condition flowers
Occurrence status present
Supplied as Present
Identification verification status verified
Identification ID c2ef2e92-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 1957-01-24
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Themeda triandra
Taxon rank species
Common name Kangaroo grass
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Themeda
Species Themeda triandra
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship Forssk.

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area Loddon (S)
Locality 8 mls from Wedderburn, towards Charlton.
Habitat Growing on roadside near fence.
Latitude -36.3667000000
Longitude 143.5500000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Verbatim locality 8 mls from Wedderburn, towards Charlton.
Coordinate precision 0.0166700000
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Georeference sources H25
Georeferenced by Curator
Continent Australia (Oceania)
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 143° 33' E
Verbatim latitude 36° 22' S

Additional properties

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced sources Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 6 missing properties
    Show/Hide 40 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow less than 3 months
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Modified pastures
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Upland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW2
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) Goulburn-Murray
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units Goulburn-Murray: Shepparton Irrigation Region (GS8)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) Goulburn-Murray: Highlands (GS8b)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW3
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) Northern Victoria
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS8
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Loddon
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys LODDON
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones lowland
    NRM Regions 2010 North Central
    NRM Regions 2014 North Central
    NRM Regions 2015 North Central
    NRM Regions 2017 North Central
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) North Central
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Removed by hot burn
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Removed by hot burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 North Central
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions Victorian Midlands
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Goldfields
    IBRA 7 Regions Victorian Midlands
    IBRA 7 Subregions Goldfields
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Remote croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions LODDON RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Murray
    Indigenous Land Use Agreements Low Impact Exploration and Exploration, Dja Dja Wurrung
    Local Government Areas 2011 Loddon (S)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Loddon - South
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 LODDON SHIRE
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Bangerang, Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Bangerang, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurung, Waywurru, Yorta Yorta
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 4
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 852
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) LODDON
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) LODDON - ELMORE
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) BENDIGO
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) MURRAY
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) MALLEE
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) CASTLEMAINE - KERANG
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) CASTLEMAINE - KERANG
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) WEDDERBURN
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NORTHERN VICTORIA
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) SWAN HILL
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (VIC.)
    PSMA Wards (2018) WEDDERBURN WARD
    Statistical Local Areas Loddon (S) - South
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Lachlan Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qrc
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 West Victorian Uplands
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Other special rights, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus woodlands with a tussock grass understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Mallee woodlands and shrublands
    Vegetation types - present Mallee woodlands and shrublands

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 1.4556061E7 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.017716 t/ha
    Potassium 0.081047 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.7615
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.1089
    Endemism 0.003609135
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.003654298
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 4283.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.256029 index
    Species Richness 531.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.49776083
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 31.5 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 33.72 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 19.62 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1237222
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.122431934
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 22.4925 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.154167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 27.540009 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.57706046
    Aridity index - month max 1.4568987
    Aridity index - month min 0.12965353
    Evaporation - annual mean 117.321144 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 10001.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 231.38591 mm
    Evaporation - month min 32.2 mm
    Evaporation - variability 18.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.19 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 80.37932 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 65.10275 %
    Humidity - month max relative 95.11782 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 81.299545 %
    Humidity - month min relative 50.3182 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 50.3182 %
    Precipitation - annual 434.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 464.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 39.48352 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.39202216
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 153.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 28.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 5.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 75.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1341517
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 27.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.13296428
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 80.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 51.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 13.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 153.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 43.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 25.1 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 20.639166 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 14.7 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 7.684167 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 26.0 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 27.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 2.77 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 2.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 8.5 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 13.0 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 20.4 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.47 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 29.19 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.74
    Temperature - warmest month min 13.26 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 30.4 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 21.2 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 8.6 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 188.0379 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 502.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 152.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 26.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 87.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 25.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 88.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 57.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 157.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 146.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 267.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 31.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 84.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 126.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 208.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 47.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4915.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 298.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 210.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 114.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 1.900789 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.02 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 197646.2 m
    Remoteness index 3.3034637
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 420.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 119.0 %
    Runoff - average 263.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 1.3 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 148.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.17 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 43.0 %
    Bulk density 1.6174194 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.0550226 %
    Clay % 34.612904 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 41.666668 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.48
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.89
    Nutrient status 1.4 index
    Ph - soil 6.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.6 m
    Soil pedality 2.6193547
    Water holding capacity 20000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 80.99999
    Weathering Intensity V2 2.78276 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 237.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 128.04167 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 213.0 m
    Elevation 221.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 2.0523527 degrees
    Topographic relief 9.018082 m
    Topographic slope (%) 0.6508414 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2033 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 24.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 71.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 29.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0104 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.4 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 48.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 3.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.4424 NDVI