Occurrence record: NSW578655

Preserved specimen of Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. | Creeping Pear recorded on 1982-11-12
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Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource NSW AVH feed
Institution code The Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust
Supplied institution code "NSW"
Collection National Herbarium of New South Wales
Supplied collection code "NSW"
Catalog number NSW578655
Other catalog numbers ["CBG 8208667.1"]
Occurrence ID NSW:NSW:NSW578655
Record type Preserved specimen
Supplied basis "PreservedSpecimen"
Preparations sheet
Collector ["Primary"]
Supplied as "primary"
Record number 8882
Reproductive condition buds|flowers
Associated Occurrence Status Asserted duplicates
Associated occurrences The occurrence is associated with a representative record.
For more information see Inferred associated occurrence details
License UNSPECIFIED
Establishment means {"concept": "Introduced", "lineage": ["Introduced"]}
Supplied as introduced
Presence/Absence PRESENT
Supplied as present
Associated records ASSOCIATED
Disposition in collection
Occurrence remarks Sreading shrub, decumbent to 20 cm. Frequent.

Event

Occurrence date 1982-11-12
Date precision DAY

Taxonomy

Higher classification (Raf.) Raf.
Scientific name Opuntia humifusa
Supplied scientific name "Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf."
Identified to rank species
Common name Creeping Pear
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Caryophyllales
Family Cactaceae
Genus Opuntia
Species Opuntia humifusa
Name match metric exactMatch
Scientific name authorship (Raf.) Raf.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Nomenclatural code ICN
Verbatim taxon rank species

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Locality 4 km from Singleton along New England Highway towards Muswellbrook.
Habitat
Supplied as "Low hills. Loam. Open Eucalyptus forest with E. maculata and ironbarks with grassy understorey."
Latitude -32.55
Supplied as: "-32.55"
Longitude 151.13
Supplied as: "151.13"
Datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim coordinate system Degrees Minutes
Coordinate precision Unknown
County North Coast
Terrestrial true
Verbatim latitude 32 33 S
Biome TERRESTRIAL
Marine false
Country Code AU
Verbatim longitude 151 08 E
Verbatim coordinates 32 33 S, 151 08 E

User flagged issues 

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Coordinate uncertainty meters invalid Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Show/Hide 89 passed properties
    Show/Hide 6 missing properties
    Show/Hide 19 tests that have not been run

    Inferred associated occurrence details

    This record is associated with the representative record. This mean another record has been detected to be similar to this record, and that the other record (the representative record) has the most detailed information for the occurrence. More information about the duplication detection methods and terminology in use is available here:

    Representative Record
    Record UUID 6e2bfd78-83c4-48d9-b8e7-b15183469308
    Data Resource Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANB) AVH data
    Raw Scientific Name Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
    Coordinates -32.55,151.133333
    Related records
    Record UUID 7086a1b8-e14b-4835-ace3-0392b07ba5a7
    Data Resource National Herbarium of Victoria (MEL) AVH data
    Raw Scientific Name Opuntia humifusa
    Coordinates -32.55,151.1333
    Record UUID c40db161-a370-4c92-a585-5cd58f424437
    Data Resource National Herbarium of New South Wales (NSW) AVH data
    Raw Scientific Name Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
    Coordinates -32.55,151.13

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow greater than 9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Equal 3-9 and greater than 9 months
    GER Hunter Valley GER Hunter Valley
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Hunter Analysis Mask GER Hunter Analysis Mask
    Hunter Areas Of Interest Mid Valley
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Modified pastures
    NRM Regions 2010 Hunter-Central Rivers
    NRM Regions 2014 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2015 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Hunter
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) Other cultivation
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) Other cultivation
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Hunter
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Hunter
    IBRA 7 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 7 Subregions Hunter
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Residential rangelands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Cooler end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates��
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: moderately dry winter (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture (tropical and subtropical)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 HUNTER RIVER
    River Regions HUNTER RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Hunter
    Local Government Areas 2011 Singleton (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Singleton
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 SINGLETON COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Hunter
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 14
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 1302
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) SINGLETON REGION
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) LOWER HUNTER
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) HUNTER VALLEY EXC NEWCASTLE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) HUNTER
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) HUNTER
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) SINGLETON
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) SINGLETON
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NSW CENTRAL AND NORTH COAST
    PSMA Localities (2018) MAISON DIEU
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (NSW)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (NSW)
    Statistical Local Areas Singleton (A)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Sydney Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Psws
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Macquarie Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Hunter Valley
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Forests of Australia 2018B Non forest
    IGBP Land Cover vegetation classification scheme (2011) Savannas
    Land cover Native grasslands and minimally modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 8673855.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.018088 t/ha
    Potassium 0.086121 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.0453
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.8045
    Endemism 0.008047814
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.008570167
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.4792
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 8655.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.656856 index
    Species Richness 1037.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 1.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.4418736
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 55.54 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 53.281666 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 26.35 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.87251186
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.1451452
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 26.19 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 12.1975 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 27.209991 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.4646264
    Aridity index - month max 0.8562063
    Aridity index - month min 0.31337798
    Evaporation - annual mean 135.80382 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 15184.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 233.11125 mm
    Evaporation - month min 60.79368 mm
    Evaporation - variability 18.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.15 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.32 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.11 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 79.039734 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 62.973736 %
    Humidity - month max relative 87.1789 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 72.83401 %
    Humidity - month min relative 54.20202 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 54.20202 %
    Precipitation - annual 683.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 687.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 57.86024 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.5577865
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 106.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 37.051933 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 7.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 104.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.9235237
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 33.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.082282074
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 243.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 88.97685 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 21.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 250.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 17.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 31.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.6 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 24.010834 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 17.9 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 11.035 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 25.097137 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 27.1 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.55 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.4 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 11.8 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 13.8 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 11.9 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.51 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 30.21 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.61
    Temperature - warmest month min 16.96 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 31.5 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 23.8 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 23.4 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 141.77304 km/day
    WorldClim 2.1: Temperature - annual mean 15.070833 °C
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 687.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 108.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 28.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 103.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 35.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 251.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 102.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 252.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 175.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 263.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 39.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 113.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 134.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 122.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 50.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4626.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 302.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 232.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 228.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.7406079 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.014142135 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 36697.746 m
    Remoteness index 0.93911415
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 106.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 198.0 %
    Runoff - average 806.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 4.5 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 63.541576
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 77.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.55 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 35.0 %
    Bulk density 1.414394 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.0142266 %
    Clay % 41.64983 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 30.0 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.45
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.57
    Nutrient status 1.9 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.0 m
    Soil pedality 3.4872053
    Water holding capacity 40000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 77.05856
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.10644 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 138.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 106.625 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 67.0 m
    Elevation 67.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.7939274 degrees
    Topographic relief 39.62375 m
    Topographic slope (%) 2.379214 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3371 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 48.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 32.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 68.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.027 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 1.1 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 51.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 4.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.6258 NDVI