Occurrence record: MEL 2395210A

PreservedSpecimen of Manihot grahamii recorded on 2015-02-07

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 2395210A
Occurrence ID 6756d4d2-c1d0-43f6-8afb-f85ca99fc7ba
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet - 1
Identified by Hosking, J.R.
Identified date 2014-11-30
Collector Hosking, J.R.|Barbara, G.J.
Collecting number 3841
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Establishment means introduced
Occurrence remarks Locally common (8 small naturalised plants in the front garden and a few in the back garden). Previously there were 2 shrubs in the front yard that were removed in 2010 and four in the back yard that were removed in 2013, the highest shrubs being around 5 m high. Plants are still emerging from seed in the back and front gardens. Occasional plants are also growing in small gaps between pavers.
Occurrence status present
Date identified 2014-11-30
Identification verification status verified
Identification ID 5ca5160d-57f9-4da8-b6e3-30cc47e2b17e

Event

Collecting date 2015-02-07
Supplied as year:2015  month:2  day:7 
Date precision Day
Start day of year 38
Event ID 3164ca4e-46e2-4231-9206-d094f3630150

Taxonomy

Scientific name Manihot grahamii
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Malpighiales
Family Euphorbiaceae
Genus Manihot
Species Manihot grahamii
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship Hook.
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Local government area Tamworth Regional (A)
Locality 81 Panorama Road, Calala.
Habitat Growing through a mat of Lonicera japonica Thunb. ex Murray. Aspect: 4 degree slope in garden bed in front yard. Substrate: greywacke. Soil type: red brown clay loam.
Latitude -31.1369444
Longitude 150.9486111
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "WGS84"
Verbatim coordinate system degrees minutes decimal seconds
Verbatim locality 81 Panorama Road, Calala.
Minimum elevation in metres 440
Maximum elevation in metres 440
Coordinate precision 0.0002777778
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 50.0
Georeference protocol Unknown
Verbatim SRS WGS84
Location ID d361e63a-afb6-40a8-962b-9016ec3de434
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 150° 56' 55" E
Verbatim latitude 31° 8' 13" S

Additional properties

identified by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q21516084
recorded by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q21516084

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Identification date before occurrence date Failed
    Coordinate precision not valid Failed
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Min and max altitude reversed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing georeferenced protocol Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 5 missing properties
    Show/Hide 36 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow 3-9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Modified pastures
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Upland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW17
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) NSW Murray���Darling Basin Fractured Rock
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units New England Fold Belt (GS37)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) New England Fold Belt MDB (GS37)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW14
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) Namoi
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS21
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Namoi
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys NAMOI
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones upland
    NRM Regions 2010 Namoi
    NRM Regions 2014 North West NSW
    NRM Regions 2015 North West NSW
    NRM Regions 2017 North West NSW
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) North West NSW
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) Other cultivation
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 North West NSW
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions Nandewar
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Peel
    IBRA 7 Regions Nandewar
    IBRA 7 Subregions Peel
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Mixed settlements
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Most plant growth in summer, although summers are moisture limiting. Temperature limits growth in winter
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions NAMOI RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries New England
    Local Government Areas 2011 Tamworth Regional (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Tamworth Regional - Pt A
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 TAMWORTH REGIONAL COUNCIL
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Bigambul, Githabul, Kambuwal, Gomeroi/Kamilaroi, Kwiambul, Ngarabal
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Barkandji, Barapa Barapa, Bigambul, Budjiti, Euahlayi, Githabul, Gomeroi/Kamilaroi, Guwamu (Kooma), Kambuwal, Kunja, Kwiambul, Maljangapa, Maraura, Murrawarri, Mutthi Mutthi, Nari Nari, Ngarabal, Ngemba, Ngiyampaa, Nyeri Nyeri, Tati Tati, Wadi Wadi, Wail
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Gomeroi/Kamilaroi
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Gomeroi/Kamilaroi
    NSW Local Land Services Regions North West
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 30
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 6017
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) TAMWORTH - EAST
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) TAMWORTH - GUNNEDAH
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) NEW ENGLAND AND NORTH WEST
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) NEW ENGLAND
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) NEW ENGLAND
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) TAMWORTH
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) TAMWORTH
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NORTH-EASTERN NSW
    PSMA Localities (2018) CALALA
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) OTHER URBAN
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) 1,000 TO 4,999
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) TAMWORTH
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) TAMWORTH
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) CALALA
    Statistical Local Areas Tamworth Regional (A) - Pt A
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia New England Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Dspn
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia New England-Moreton Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Cunningham Slopes
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 3910963.0 $
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.7467
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.8734
    Endemism 0.009014686
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.01232656
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 5462.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.4517093 index
    Species Richness 841.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 1.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.35076198
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 63.97 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 51.065834 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 30.27 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.332254
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.3295183
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 25.86 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 10.860001 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 29.899994 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.4185523
    Aridity index - month max 0.75583965
    Aridity index - month min 0.25552586
    Evaporation - annual mean 151.83632 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 15322.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 258.84265 mm
    Evaporation - month min 58.36246 mm
    Evaporation - variability 18.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.11 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.24 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.08 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 77.03631 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 60.86978 %
    Humidity - month max relative 87.440544 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 71.36088 %
    Humidity - month min relative 51.963512 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 51.963512 %
    Precipitation - annual 659.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 672.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 55.577553 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.56474143
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 138.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 40.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 8.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 126.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.286443
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 28.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.28426623
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 226.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 86.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 20.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 233.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 18.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 30.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 24.0 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 23.555 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 17.0 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 9.360833 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 27.899994 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 29.8 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 2.37 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 2.1 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.9 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 14.7 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 16.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.49 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 30.89 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.87
    Temperature - warmest month min 16.21 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 32.0 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 23.7 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 23.1 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 141.39734 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 697.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 133.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 39.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 131.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 32.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 248.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 105.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 248.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 164.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 282.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 22.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 96.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 140.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 132.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 49.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 5176.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 304.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 228.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 217.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 1.830874 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.01 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 96164.94 m
    Remoteness index 1.6236187
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 75.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 241.0 %
    Runoff - average 173.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 87.47732 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 56.76879
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 45.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.63 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 30.0 %
    Bulk density 1.2165687 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.0897034 %
    Clay % 38.39216 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 100.0 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.41
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.64
    Nutrient status 2.4 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.8 m
    Soil pedality 3.6147058
    Water holding capacity 38000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 66.55177
    Weathering Intensity V2 3.85964 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 31.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 271.95834 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 423.0 m
    Elevation 387.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.6006962 degrees
    Topographic relief 38.93433 m
    Topographic slope (%) 2.119107 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.37 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 49.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 6.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 39.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 55.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0216 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.9 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 54.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 6.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.5906 NDVI