Occurrence record: HO521231

PreservedSpecimen of Leptorhynchos squamatus subsp. alpinus | Alpine Buttons recorded on 2002-02-19

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource HO AVH data
Institution code Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery
Supplied institution code "HO"
Collection code Tasmanian Herbarium
Catalog number HO521231
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Collector Wapstra, H.|Wapstra, A.
Record number 7
License CC-BY 3.0 (Au)
Occurrence remarks Occurring in patches. Bright yellow only. This lowland form is very common and widespread on all sorts of soil types, in grassy areas. We have previously collected the pale form from other highland grasslands in the north west south of Burnie as well as further along the Lake Highway at greater altitudes but it does not occur on Mount Wellington near Hobart. There seems to be a relationship between altitude and proportion of pale to bright yellow
Occurrence status present
Collection code HO
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided

Event

Collecting date 2002-02-19
Date precision Day
Verbatim event date 19 Feb 2002

Taxonomy

Scientific name Leptorhynchos squamatus subsp. alpinus
Supplied scientific name "Leptorhynchos squamatus subsp. alpinus Flann"
Taxon rank subspecies
Common name Alpine Buttons
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae
Genus Leptorhynchos
Species Leptorhynchos squamatus
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed
Infraspecific epithet alpinus
Scientific name authorship Flann

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province Tasmania
Locality Howden, S of Hobart
Habitat Grassy roadside.
Latitude -43.02723
Supplied as: "-43.028611"
Longitude 147.291042
Supplied as: "147.290000"
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "EPSG:4202"
Verbatim coordinate system UTM
Verbatim locality Howden, S of Hobart
Minimum elevation in meters 20
Coordinate precision 0.000278
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 50.0
Georeferenced by Wapstra, H.
Verbatim SRS EPSG:20255
Verbatim coordinates AMG 55 523627 5235955
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim elevation 20.0
Supplied as 20

User flagged issues 

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    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Coordinate precision not valid Failed
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Coordinates converted to WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
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    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Decimal latitude/longitude conversion failed Passed
    Altitude out of range Passed
    Altitude value non-numeric Passed
    Altitude value supplied in feet Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Marine Southern Australian Marine
    Important Bird Areas (IBA) Australia South-east Tasmania IBA
    NRM Regions 2010 South
    NRM Regions 2014 South
    NRM Regions 2015 South
    NRM Regions 2017 South NRM Region
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 South NRM Region
    Biodiversity
    IBRA 6 Regions Tasmanian South East
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions South East
    IBRA 7 Regions Tasmanian South East
    IBRA 7 Subregions South East
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Tasmanian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Mixed settlements
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (mild summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Tasmania
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 KINGSTON COAST
    River Regions KINGSTON COAST
    Marine
    Estuary habitat mapping 30904 North West Bay Intertidal Flats
    Geomorphology of the Australian Margin and adjacent seafloor Shelf
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Bassian
    States including coastal waters Tasmania (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    Australian States and Territories Tasmania
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Kingborough
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 KINGBOROUGH COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) FRANKLIN
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) FRANKLIN
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Tasmanian Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 East Tasmanian Hills

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Beef numbers 19046.0 dse
    Dairy numbers 0.0 dse
    Natural resource management expenditure 3022633.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 2.0 $/ha
    Sheep numbers 15900.0 dse
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.5896
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.564
    Endemism 0.014952093
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.014288797
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.4126
    Migratory species (2008) 9.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 184.87654 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 4.7596555 index
    Species Richness 17.728395 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 11.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.6946747
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.4237288
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.27101475
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 96.05666 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 168.81 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 40.12 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.3 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 77.164825 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 84.43952 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 71.77146 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 51.256668 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 38.62 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.258975
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.35910746 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.31225806 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.812838
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.25706038
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season -0.22862206
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 67.06 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -44.8 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -123.06 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 17.5 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 23.0 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 13.591666 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 4.89 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 18.081667 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 8.740833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 17.75 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 5.04 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 13.31 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 1.8699951 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 1.5599976 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 10.420013 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.340838 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -2.6399841 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -2.0100098 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.970001 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 22.79 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 12.37 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.9876785
    Aridity index - month max 2.3096075
    Aridity index - month min 0.31292638
    Evaporation - annual mean 81.52083 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 14325.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 150.19507 mm
    Evaporation - month min 24.247534 mm
    Evaporation - variability 3.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.3 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.02 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 82.453896 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 76.38934 %
    Humidity - month max relative 89.383316 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 83.69091 %
    Humidity - month min relative 71.10865 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 71.10865 %
    Precipitation - annual 896.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 651.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index -0.004071775
    Precipitation - annual mean 56.16802 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.023943933
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 0.9765474
    Precipitation - autumn 165.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 63.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 171.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 45.00229 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 10.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 137.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1258149
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.39454737 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.6130578 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 16.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.8876574
    Precipitation - spring 188.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season 0.023212695
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.12502861
    Precipitation - spring reliability 76.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 166.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season -0.02337026
    Precipitation - summer or winter season -0.12576483
    Precipitation - summer reliability 58.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 147.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 67.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 16.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 193.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 187.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 75.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -25.352812 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -103.19507 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min 32.707222 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 13.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 6.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 7.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 23.4 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 4.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 22.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 13.428923 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 4.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 49.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 20.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 11.0 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 16.380833 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 12.6 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 6.8933334 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 18.147552 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 17.9 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 3.05 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.1 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 8.8 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 11.55 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 9.3 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 11.4 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.52 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 39.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 1.8900146 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 1.5499878 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 10.529999 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min -0.4509653 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.487498 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -4.067167 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -2.869995 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -2.0099792 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 8.25 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 21.19 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 31.863651 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.02
    Temperature - warmest month min 10.67 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 22.1 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 16.3 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 10.3 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.14406201 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.27499506 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 0.44077718 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 0.44077718 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.0 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.15582812 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 141.4501 km/day
    Wind run - month max 175.1 km/day
    Wind run - month min 114.8483 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 3.1333332 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 2.0583334 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 3.4 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 3.9 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 2.9 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 3.9 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 2.4 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 1.4 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 1.4 m/s
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.06 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.01 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.35999998 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.06 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 6617.2236 m
    Marspec Distance to Shore 1.0 km
    Remoteness index 2.05
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 3784.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 41.0 %
    Runoff - average 1291.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Marine
    Marspec Annual Range in Sea Surface Salinity 0.38 100 x psu
    Marspec Annual Range in Sea Surface Temperature 9.63 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Annual Variance in Sea Surface Salinity 1.6899999 100 x psu
    Marspec Annual Variance in Sea Surface Temperature 8.7376995 10,000 x degrees C
    Marspec Bathymetric Slope 0.1 10 x degrees
    Marspec Concavity -0.009000001 1000 x degrees
    Marspec East/West Aspect 0.87 radians
    Marspec Maximum Monthly Sea Surface Salinity 35.26 100 x psu
    Marspec Mean Annual Sea Surface Salinity 35.059998 100 x psu
    Marspec Mean Annual Sea Surface Temperature 13.009999 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Minimum Monthly Sea Surface Salinity 34.88 100 x psu
    Marspec North/South Aspect -0.48999998 1 x radians
    Marspec Plan Curvature -4.0E-4 x 10000
    Marspec Profile Curvature 4.9999997E-4 x 10000
    Marspec Sea Surface Temperature of the coldest ice-free month 9.01 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Sea Surface Temperature of the warmest ice-free month 18.64 100 x degrees C
    Social
    Disadvantaged 1054.9968 points (mean=1000)
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.6338816
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.9
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.27101475
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 89.74123 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 28.87922 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -1.0195994 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -0.074805036 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 57.049347
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 24.391327
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 59.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.26 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 19.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies 98.68379 Gal
    Bulk density 1.5725472 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic 8.145301 %
    Carbon store pre-European 310.5959 kgC/ha
    Clay % 20.033018 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.739233
    Crop factor - month max 0.90000004
    Crop factor - month min 0.31292638
    Erodibility 9.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 56.25 %
    Erosivity 1144.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 155.0 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 51.4 my
    Lithology - fertility 6.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 225.3 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 2.3527613 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 1.7109631 log my
    Magnetic anomalies -114.0 nT
    Moisture - average 58.0 %
    Moisture - variability 8.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.73
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.9
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.99
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.31
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.38
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 33.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.42
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 26649.48 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 102.2517 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 165.9407 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 2.1886792
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 30.63378 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 2708.6372 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 18.87635 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 1.0 m
    Soil pedality 2.1886792
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 2.0
    Topographic wetness index 6.047104
    Unreliable water retention parameters 22.5
    Water deficit - month max 74.55274 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 16.932024 mm
    Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    Water holding capacity 62000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 119.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -0.718193 MPa
    Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 66.53097
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Water stress index - month min 28.163376
    Water surplus - annual mean 3.033723 mm
    Water surplus - month max 21.57444 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.73184 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 247.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 55.625 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 10.0 m
    Elevation 42.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.0
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 2565.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.39938393 degrees
    Topographic relief 20.10472 m
    Topographic roughness 66.59662 %
    Topographic slope (%) 2.482463 %
    Valley bottom % 0.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.6183268
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.0355 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 11.0 %
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.2 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 72.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 7.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.4027 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2002 dry 205.0 Day
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 226.77777 Day