Occurrence record: AD 96236026

Preserved specimen of Xanthorrhoea caespitosa D.J.Bedford | Tufted Grass-tree recorded on 1922-12
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Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource AD AVH
Institution code Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources
Supplied institution code "AD"
Collection State Herbarium of South Australia
Supplied collection code "AD"
Catalog number AD 96236026
Occurrence ID AD:AD:AD 96236026
Record type Preserved specimen
Supplied basis "PreservedSpecimen"
Identified by Bedford, D.J.
Identified date 19850312
Collector UNKNOWN OR ANONYMOUS
Supplied as "Anon."
License UNSPECIFIED
Presence/Absence PRESENT
Supplied as Present
Date identified 1985-03-12
Supplied as 19850312

Event

Occurrence date [date not supplied] Year: 1922, Month: 12, Day:
Supplied date "1922-12"
Verbatim event date Dec 1922
Date precision MONTH

Taxonomy

Scientific name Xanthorrhoea caespitosa
Supplied scientific name "Xanthorrhoea caespitosa Bedford"
Identified to rank species
Common name Tufted Grass-tree
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asparagales
Family Xanthorrhoeaceae
Supplied as "Liliaceae"
Genus Xanthorrhoea
Species Xanthorrhoea caespitosa
Name match metric canonicalMatch
Scientific name authorship D.J.Bedford
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory South Australia
Locality Mount Muirhead, near Millicent
Latitude -37.55900479447463
Supplied as: "-37.5602780000"
Longitude 140.40444714327117
Supplied as: "140.4033330000"
Datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "AGD84"
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty (in metres) 10000.0
Terrestrial true
Biome TERRESTRIAL
Marine false
Country Code AU
Verbatim coordinates 37,33,37,S;140,24,12,E

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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow less than 3 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Marine Southern Australian Marine
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Southern Australia Mallee and Woodlands
    Irrigation practice - dominant 1. No practices reported
    Land use Modified pastures
    NRM Regions 2010 South East
    NRM Regions 2014 South East SA
    NRM Regions 2015 South East
    NRM Regions 2017 South East
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) South East
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Removed by hot burn
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Removed by hot burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 South East
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Bass Strait Drainages
    IBRA 6 Regions Victorian Volcanic Plain
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Mount Gambier
    IBRA 7 Regions Southern Volcanic Plain
    IBRA 7 Subregions Mount Gambier
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Classic "Mediterranean" climate with peaks of growth in winter and spring and moderate growth in winter
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: distinctly dry (and warm) summer
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (Victoria)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 MILLICENT COAST
    River Regions MILLICENT COAST
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Western Bassian
    States including coastal waters South Australia (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Barker
    Local Government Areas 2011 Wattle Range (DC)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Wattle Range - West
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 WATTLE RANGE COUNCIL
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 27
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 1218
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF SA
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) MILLICENT
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) LIMESTONE COAST
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) SOUTH AUSTRALIA - SOUTH EAST
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) BARKER
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) BARKER
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) SOUTH-EAST
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) LIMESTONE COAST
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) ADELAIDE
    PSMA Localities (2018) MOUNT MUIRHEAD
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (SA)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) SOUTH AUSTRALIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (SA)
    PSMA Wards (2018) KINTORE WARD
    Statistical Local Areas Wattle Range (DC) - West
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Murray Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qv
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Murray Lowlands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Millicent Plain
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Forests of Australia 2018B Non forest
    IGBP Land Cover vegetation classification scheme (2011) Croplands
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt open forests
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 4182312.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.014338 t/ha
    Potassium 0.050977 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.6551
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.7289
    Endemism 0.008314235
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.008955805
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.2691
    Migratory species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 2266.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.4515786 index
    Species Richness 605.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.9270397
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 37.91 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 57.1325 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 15.44 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1136013
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.11284638
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 19.924168 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.464167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 20.24002 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 1.0580568
    Aridity index - month max 2.9312027
    Aridity index - month min 0.13015231
    Evaporation - annual mean 105.48006 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 15715.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 211.21725 mm
    Evaporation - month min 35.05671 mm
    Evaporation - variability 4.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.3 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.02 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 84.26815 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 75.61384 %
    Humidity - month max relative 92.76757 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 85.16394 %
    Humidity - month min relative 64.234856 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 64.234856 %
    Precipitation - annual 746.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 762.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 62.69475 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -1.2875581
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 333.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 25.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 4.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 79.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.0582069
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 52.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.057869468
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 79.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 113.47124 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 29.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 333.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 15.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 47.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.6 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 18.33 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 13.9 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 8.0633335 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 18.950958 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 20.6 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 5.05 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 5.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.9 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 10.4 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 18.1 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.5 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 24.38 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.13
    Temperature - warmest month min 11.57 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 26.0 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 18.2 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 9.9 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 248.49919 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 779.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 329.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 21.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 79.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 49.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 79.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 117.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 329.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 139.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 197.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 55.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 99.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 102.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 181.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 51.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3187.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 252.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 181.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 99.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.14999999 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.2061553 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.24186772 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.14999999 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 17922.44 m
    Remoteness index 3.705889
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 2834.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 36.0 %
    Runoff - average 214.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 3.7 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 124.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.33 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 25.0 %
    Bulk density 1.479767 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 0.9121934 %
    Clay % 7.782839 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 179.16667 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.65
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Nutrient status 1.05 index
    Ph - soil 7.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.0 m
    Soil pedality 1.4993644
    Water holding capacity 60000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.35727 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 291.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 96.416664 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 140.0 m
    Elevation 83.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 3.740683 degrees
    Topographic relief 99.06425 m
    Topographic slope (%) 6.261325 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.206 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 73.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 37.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 49.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 14.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0553 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 3.0 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 65.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 18.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3464 NDVI