Occurrence record: MEL 2280860A

PreservedSpecimen of Pterostylis bicolor recorded on 2005-10-16

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 2280860A
Occurrence ID 5d397c00-6374-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations alcohol
Identified by Jeanes, J.A.
Identified date 2005-10-20
Collector Thomas, J.E.
Collecting number [JAJ 1375]
Reproductive condition fruit
State conservation Victoria: Poorly Known
Occurrence status present
Supplied as Present
Date identified 2005-10-20
Identification verification status verified
Identification ID 36a7df3b-1abd-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 2005-10-16
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Pterostylis bicolor
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Asparagales
Family Orchidaceae
Genus Pterostylis
Species Pterostylis bicolor
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area Mount Alexander (S)
Locality Byrnes Paddock, Sutton Grange. GDA 94 55 264893 5902859
Habitat Substrate; Granitic soil. Grassy woodland with Themeda triandra the dominant grass. Associated species: Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. goniocalyx, E. microcarpa, Austrostipa mollis, A. scabra, Poa morrisii, P. sieberiana, Bulbine bulbosa, Bossiaea prostrata, Cassinia arcuata, Dillwynia cinerascens, Leptorhynchos squamatus, Geranium retrorsum, Romulea rosea, Ulex europeaus, Oxalis perennens, Stylidium graminifolium, Wurmbea dioica, Velleia paradoxa.
Latitude -36.9908000000
Longitude 144.3583000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim coordinate system degrees minutes seconds
Verbatim locality Byrnes Paddock, Sutton Grange. GDA 94 55 264893 5902859
Minimum elevation in metres 300
Maximum elevation in metres 300
Coordinate precision 0.0002780000
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 50.0
Georeference sources M48
Georeference protocol gps
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 144° 21' 30" E
Verbatim latitude 36° 59' 27" S

Additional properties

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Min and max altitude reversed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing georeferenced protocol Passed
    Missing georeferenced sources Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 4 missing properties
    Show/Hide 38 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow less than 3 months
    GER Central Victorial Biolinks GER Central Victorial Biolinks
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Modified pastures
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Upland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW2
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) Goulburn-Murray
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units Goulburn-Murray: Shepparton Irrigation Region (GS8)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) Goulburn-Murray: Highlands (GS8b)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW3
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) Northern Victoria
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS7
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Campaspe
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys CAMPASPE
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones slopes
    NRM Regions 2010 North Central
    NRM Regions 2014 North Central
    NRM Regions 2015 North Central
    NRM Regions 2017 North Central
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) North Central
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Removed by hot burn
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Removed = hot burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cultivation
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 North Central
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions Victorian Midlands
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Goldfields
    IBRA 7 Regions Victorian Midlands
    IBRA 7 Subregions Goldfields
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Residential rainfed croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (warm summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions CAMPASPE RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Bendigo
    Indigenous Land Use Agreements Low Impact Exploration and Exploration, Dja Dja Wurrung
    Local Government Areas 2011 Mount Alexander (S)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Mount Alexander Bal
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 MOUNT ALEXANDER SHIRE
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Bangerang, Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yaithmathang, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Bangerang, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurong, Waywurru, Yorta Yorta
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Dhudhuroa, Dja Dja Wurrung, Taungurung, Waywurru, Yorta Yorta
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 4
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 852
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) CASTLEMAINE REGION
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) HEATHCOTE - CASTLEMAINE - KYNETON
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) BENDIGO
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) BENDIGO
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) BENDIGO
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) CASTLEMAINE - KERANG
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) CASTLEMAINE - KERANG
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) SUTTON GRANGE
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NORTHERN VICTORIA
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) NORTHERN VICTORIA
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (VIC.)
    PSMA Wards (2018) CALDER WARD
    Statistical Local Areas Mount Alexander (S) Bal
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Lachlan Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Dg290
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 West Victorian Uplands
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Other special rights, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus woodlands with a tussock grass understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 1.4556061E7 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.018022 t/ha
    Potassium 0.099009 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.7533
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.9457
    Endemism 0.0045372457
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.0047518387
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 7497.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.72519 index
    Species Richness 923.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 2.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.66076213
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 35.18 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 45.270832 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 25.42 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.2134478
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.21164869
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 21.2225 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 8.236667 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 26.5 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.8364793
    Aridity index - month max 2.132867
    Aridity index - month min 0.16861007
    Evaporation - annual mean 104.528465 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 13686.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 207.57954 mm
    Evaporation - month min 28.6 mm
    Evaporation - variability 16.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.24 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 81.35353 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 69.19738 %
    Humidity - month max relative 93.755554 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 84.06137 %
    Humidity - month min relative 55.450127 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 55.450127 %
    Precipitation - annual 640.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 619.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 50.161594 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.46567017
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 216.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 34.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 6.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 96.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1134752
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 31.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.112676054
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 104.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 68.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 18.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 216.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 45.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 24.4 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 19.1325 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 13.6 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 6.8116665 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 24.899994 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 26.6 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 2.15 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 2.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 7.8 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 12.7 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 18.7 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.48 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 27.51 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.65
    Temperature - warmest month min 12.31 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 29.0 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 19.8 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 7.8 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 176.44531 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 636.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 198.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 34.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 110.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 25.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 115.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 75.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 206.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 137.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 254.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 28.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 78.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 120.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 197.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 47.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4705.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 282.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 198.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 86.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.9929753 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.10198039 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 134363.66 m
    Remoteness index 1.5420446
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 1202.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 99.0 %
    Runoff - average 145.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 6.6 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 57.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.6 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 20.0 %
    Bulk density 1.651414 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.4164015 %
    Clay % 41.427113 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 16.666666 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.63
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Nutrient status 1.15 index
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.9 m
    Soil pedality 3.329446
    Water holding capacity 32000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 2.51068 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 68.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 302.04166 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 299.0 m
    Elevation 307.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.5688528 degrees
    Topographic relief 27.5498 m
    Topographic slope (%) 1.62841 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2819 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 60.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 3.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 44.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 53.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0306 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 1.6 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 58.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 4.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.5625 NDVI