Occurrence record: LTB 000003938

PreservedSpecimen of Anthoxanthum odoratum | sweet vernal recorded on 2013-09-18

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution code La Trobe University
Supplied institution code "LTB"
Collection code La Trobe University Herbarium
Catalog number LTB 000003938
Occurrence ID 428daeef-a5d7-4a24-bc1f-2e6e7dce3607
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Identified by Cameron, D.G.
Identified date 2013-11
Collector Benwell, J.S.
Record number 16
Reproductive condition flowers
License CC-BY 3.0 (Au)
Previous identifications Anthoxanthum odoratum L., det. J.S. Benwell.
Occurrence status present
Collection code LTB
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Date identified 2013-11
Identification ID 280cb846-4e8a-4e77-85ef-7eaafa94c2dc

Event

Collecting date 2013-09-18

Taxonomy

Scientific name Anthoxanthum odoratum
Supplied scientific name "Anthoxanthum odoratum L."
Taxon rank species
Common name sweet vernal
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Anthoxanthum
Species Anthoxanthum odoratum
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed
Scientific name authorship L.

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province Victoria
Locality Darebin (C)
Locality Gresswell Forest Wildlife Reserve.
Habitat In open forest dominated by Eucalyptus sp.
Latitude -37.7166666667
Longitude 145.0666666667
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "WGS84"
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Coordinate precision 0.01667
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 10000.0
Georeference protocol Topographic map
Georeferenced by La Trobe University Herbarium (LTB)
Verbatim SRS EPSG:4326
Biome Terrestrial
Country code Au
Verbatim longitude 145° 4' E
Verbatim latitude 37° 43' S

Additional properties

abcd concept1433 Grass 30 cm tall. Carpels 2.

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Coordinate precision not valid Failed
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced protocol Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 5 missing properties
    Show/Hide 42 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Marine Southern Australian Marine
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Rural residential
    NRM Regions Port Phillip and Western Port
    NRM Regions 2014 Port Phillip and Western Port
    NRM Regions 2015 Port Phillip and Western Port
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Bass Strait Drainages
    IBRA 6 Regions South East Coastal Plain
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Gippsland Plain
    IBRA 7 Regions South East Coastal Plain
    IBRA 7 Subregions Gippsland Plain
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Urban
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (warm summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (Victoria)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 YARRA RIVER
    River Regions YARRA RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Batman
    LGA Boundaries (deprecated) Darebin - Preston
    Local Government Areas Darebin (C)
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) BATMAN
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NORTHERN METROPOLITAN
    Statistical Local Areas Darebin (C) - Preston
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Lachlan Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Ssdm
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 East Victorian Uplands
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Built-up
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 3839264.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 1.0 $/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.3005
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.0691
    Endemism 0.035331022
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.03760447
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.5124
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 595.2099 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 2.7397912 index
    Species Richness 10.037037 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 11.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.6556426
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.3697879
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.24623021
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 105.51667 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 186.1 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 41.97 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.09 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.36 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.07 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 72.248405 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 84.03174 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 61.378674 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 54.073334 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 40.17 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1437293
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.5068495 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.3898818 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.98295593
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.14282107
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season -0.01722813
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 63.8 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -51.443333 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -134.29001 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 15.52 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 24.62 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 15.453333 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 6.11 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 21.06 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.953333 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 22.279999 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 5.7 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 14.22 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 2.730011 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 1.8900146 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 13.459991 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 11.106669 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -3.7099915 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -2.6100159 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 8.390015 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 27.98 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 14.52 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.8051364
    Aridity index - month max 1.660141
    Aridity index - month min 0.26807496
    Evaporation - annual mean 105.53624 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 15990.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 197.7059 mm
    Evaporation - month min 32.76118 mm
    Evaporation - variability 9.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.06 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.33 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 81.10059 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 71.320526 %
    Humidity - month max relative 89.59497 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 82.824295 %
    Humidity - month min relative 60.386074 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 60.386074 %
    Precipitation - annual 696.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 726.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index -0.0011972191
    Precipitation - annual mean 61.13871 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.007093526
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 0.9929373
    Precipitation - autumn 178.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 43.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 181.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 50.367718 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 10.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 145.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1565063
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.5741597 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.3351026 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 15.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.971163
    Precipitation - spring 206.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season 0.027777173
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.15564983
    Precipitation - spring reliability 66.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 165.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season -0.0056682844
    Precipitation - summer or winter season -0.029517997
    Precipitation - summer reliability 42.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 153.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 76.388176 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 17.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 212.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 169.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 72.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -44.39753 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -144.7059 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min 21.626999 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 15.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 7.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 21.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 24.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 5.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 24.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 15.207231 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 6.161182 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 44.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 22.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 19.8 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 18.966667 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 14.4 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 8.413333 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 20.861176 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 22.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.44 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.6 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 12.23 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 10.8 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 19.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.48 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 44.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 2.850006 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 1.8500061 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 13.389984 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min 0.37984002 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 10.553334 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -2.489408 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -4.1900024 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -2.3499756 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.7900085 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 25.8 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 38.5394 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.33
    Temperature - warmest month min 12.85 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 27.0 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 19.4 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 15.0 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.21571566 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.3877654 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 0.7197131 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 0.7197131 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.0 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.17533344 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 258.55936 km/day
    Wind run - month max 282.98785 km/day
    Wind run - month min 214.86949 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 5.4286604 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 4.0317755 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 5.45 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 6.2 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 4.7 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 6.2 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 4.5 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 3.3 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 3.3 m/s
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 720.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 169.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 46.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 146.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 16.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 146.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 74.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 212.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 146.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 212.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 53.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 97.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 103.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 195.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 48.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3849.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 265.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 195.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 161.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.031622775 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.1780449 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.20124611 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.031622775 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 37189.23 m
    Remoteness index 0.0
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 703.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 131.0 %
    Runoff - average 284.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Disadvantaged 978.77545 points (mean=1000)
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.62533426
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.9
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.24623021
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 105.00668 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 36.156075 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -1.0924757 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -0.27038836 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 56.28008
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 22.160719
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 57.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.6 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 20.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies -94.50662 Gal
    Bulk density 1.651129 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic 0.9243204 %
    Carbon store pre-European 96.21394 kgC/ha
    Clay % 34.296776 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.6951042
    Crop factor - month max 0.9
    Crop factor - month min 0.26807496
    Erodibility 33.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 100.0 %
    Erosivity 920.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 46.0 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 6.9 my
    Lithology - fertility 6.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 419.075 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 2.6222918 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.83884907 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 27.0 nT
    Moisture - average 53.0 %
    Moisture - variability 5.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.68
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.94
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 0.98
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.97
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.24
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.28
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 41.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.3
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 8298.442 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 48.5036 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 68.34809 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 2.6741936
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 12.56686 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 1143.1172 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 8.918144 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 0.9 m
    Soil pedality 2.6741936
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 1.0
    Topographic wetness index 2.775759
    Unreliable water retention parameters 33.0
    Water deficit - month max 114.49652 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 31.266174 mm
    Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    Water holding capacity 52000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 86.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -0.8198057 MPa
    Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 62.559376
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Water stress index - month min 24.126745
    Water surplus - annual mean 0.31134987 mm
    Water surplus - month max 3.7361984 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.04377 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 142.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 100.125 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 100.0 m
    Elevation 102.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.0
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.86005807 degrees
    Topographic relief 47.0617 m
    Topographic roughness 13.57894 %
    Topographic slope (%) 3.477761 %
    Valley bottom % 0.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.0
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2435 EVI
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 30.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 27.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 42.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    NDVI Mean 65.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 12.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.5269 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 261.0 Day